Foundation Stock Service (FSS) Program

Breeds In This Category: 

Appenzeller Sennenhund

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

Very little is known for sure about the history of the Appenzeller Sennenhund as it was developed before written records were kept of dog breeding and was primarily kept in remote mou...

Azawakh

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

The Azawakh was developed by nomadic tribes living in one of the most challenging places on Earth.  By necessity, these people traveled lightly, and consequently left behind few archaeolo...

Barbet

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The history of the Barbet is lengthy and impressive; an ancient European Water Dog, the breed was developed in France, and referenced for centuries in European historical documentatio...

Belgian Shepherd Dog (Laekenois)

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The Belgian Lakenois is considered by many to be both the oldest and rarest of the Belgian Shepherd Dog varieties. Its roots are believed to trace back to the 1700’s where the Laekenois w...

Bergamasco Shepherd

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming:
Professional Grooming May Be Required
Rarely
LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The Bergamasco is a very ancient breed, and almost nothing is known for certain of its origins, as it was developed long before written records were kept of dog breeding and was primarily...

Berger Picard

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The Berger Picard is one of the oldest of all European herding breeds and is almost certainly the oldest from France.  Because this dog was developed hundreds of years before wri...

Bracco Italiano

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The Bracco Italiano is one of the oldest gun dogs in the world, and may very well be the oldest of all.  Because this breed was developed centuries before written records were ke...

Louisiana Catahoula Leopard Dog

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

Many claims are made about the history of the Louisiana Catahoula Leopard Dog, but the truth is that essentially nothing is known for sure about the true origins of this breed. ...

Central Asian Shepherd Dog

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

Almost nothing is known for certainty about the origins and early history of this breed.  These dogs were kept almost exclusively by nomadic herdsmen who left few if any archaeol...

Chinook

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Varies From One Dog To The Next

 

Developed during the 20th Century, more of the Chinook’s history is definitely known than is the case with most breeds, though a series of disasters and breeder actions has somewhat obscu...

Cirneco dell'Etna

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The Cirneco dell’Etna is a very ancient breed, first appearing hundreds, and most likely thousands, of years ago.  It was developed in an era long before written records were kept of dog...

Coton de Tulear

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Small 4-8 lb
Small 8-15 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming:
Everyday
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The Coton de Tulear was first developed before written records were kept of dog breeding and most of its early history has been lost to time.  Nobody knows for sure how the Coton...

Danish Swedish Farmdog

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

Widespread throughout Sweden and Denmark when small family farms were the norm, the Danish Swedish Farmdog served as a watch dogs, herder, fox hunter, ratter, companion, and even ente...

Drentse Patrijshond

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The Drentse Patrijshond was developed in an era before written records were kept of dog breeding; so much of its history remains a mystery. However, a substantial amount of informatio...

Entlebucher Mountain Dog

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

As is the case with many old breeds, most of the history of the Entlebucher Mountain Dog has been lost to time.  This is especially true of this breed, as the Entlebucher Mountai...

Eurasier

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The Eurasier is one of the most recently developed breeds to achieve widespread international recognition.  Because careful breeding records have been kept of the Eurasier since...

Finnish Lapphund

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

Almost nothing is known about the origins of the Finnish Lapphund.  This breed was first developed hundreds of years before literacy entered the region of its origins, and in any...

German Spitz

BREED BASICS

Grossspitz

BREED BASICS

Kai Ken

BREED BASICS

Karelian Bear Dog

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The Karelian Bear Dog is said to have originated with the Vikings alongside several other varieties of Spitz-type dogs for use as a hunting dog in Karelian region of Northern Europe; an a...

Kishu

BREED BASICS

Kleinspitz

BREED BASICS

Leonberger

BREED BASICS

Miniature Australian Shepherd

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Small 4-8 lb
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Varies From One Dog To The Next Trainability: Varies From One Dog To The Next

 

The history of the Miniature Australian Shepherd began in the late 1960’s.  During those years, a horse fancier in Norco, California named Doris Cordova began to notice that a number of A...

Mittelspitz

BREED BASICS

Mudi

BREED BASICS

Norwegian Buhund

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The Norwegian Buhund is one of the oldest Nordic breeds and a Spitz-type sheepherding dog, notable for its prick ears and tail that curl across its back. Nordic Spitz-type breeds are...

Peruvian Inca Orchid

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Everyday
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

Virtually nothing is known with certainty about the origins of the Peruvian Inca Orchid.  This breed was developed over a thousand years ago by a people who, despite their many impressive...

Portuguese Podengo

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The Portuguese Podengo was developed long before written records of dog breeding were kept, meaning that very little of this breed’s ancestry is known with certainty.  This situation is e...

Pumi

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The Pumi is an ancient breed developed in a time before written records were kept of dog breeding, so very little is known for sure about its ancestry.  This problem is exacerbated by the...

Rafeiro do Alentejo

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

In prehistoric times, a mighty race of canines was used by the ancients in many capacities.  These impressively large and fierce dogs were known as Molossers, named for the Molos...

Rat Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Varies From One Dog To The Next Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

Developed as a working farm dog, in often remote areas, early Rat Terrier breeders cared very little for pedigrees or paperwork and placed the emphasis on working ability. As a result, mu...

Russian Toy

BREED BASICS

Russkiy Toy

BREED BASICS

Schapendoes

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Varies From One Dog To The Next Trainability: Varies From One Dog To The Next

 

Very little is known with certainty about the origin of the Schapendoes, and almost anything which is claimed is little more than pure speculation.  Much of this mystery has to d...

Sloughi

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog

 

Almost nothing is known for sure about the history of the Sloughi, as this breed was first developed long before written records were kept of dog breeding, possibly even predating the int...

Stabyhoun

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The Stabyhoun’s ancestors are most likely Spaniels, brought to the Netherlands during the Spanish Occupation (1567-1648), who were probably crossed with the local Frisian pointi...

Tosa Inu

BREED BASICS

Mexican Hairless Dog ( Xoloitzcuintli )

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 15 to 18 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

Hairlessness occurs in almost every species of mammal and is considered one of the most common spontaneous gene mutations. Only one Xolo, out of any given litter of four to five puppi...