ANKC (Australian National Kennel Council)

Group 1 (Toys)

Breeds In This Category: 

Affenpinscher

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

As with many breeds, the Affenpinscher has no definitive history until around the 19th century in Germany. Here it is well documented that they were used as both companions and common wor...

Australian Silky Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

The Silky Terrier shares its history with the Australian Terrier until the second half of the 1800’s.  At that time, Australia was becoming more prosperous and more urbanized.  Residents...

Bichon Frise

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: Low Energy
Grooming:
Everyday
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

There are very few breeds whose origin is as disputed as that of the Bichon Frise.  There are two commonly suggested origin theories for this breed, and a third less commonly sug...

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

In 1926, the American Roswell Eldridge became interested in restoring the original variety of English Toy Spaniel.  He created a prize at the Cruft’s Dog Show of that year.  He planned to...

Chihuahua

BREED BASICS
Size:
XX-Small Under 4 lb
X-Small 4-8 lb
Energy Level: Varies According to Type
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

Most of the Chihuahua’s history has been lost in time, as this breed was developed in an era before written records of dog breeding were kept, and quite possibly prior to the advent of wr...

Chinese Crested Dog

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Small 4-8 lb
Small 8-15 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

Very little is known about the ancestry of the Chinese Crested Dog. The breed having been created long before organized records of dog breeding was kept.  Additionally, Chinese breeders h...

Brussels Griffon

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The Brussels Griffon is a native of Belgium, and is named for Brussels, the capital of that nation.  This breed has been gradually developed over several centuries with ancestors extendin...

Havanese

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The Havanese is of relatively recent origin, but its immediate ancestor, the Blanquito de la Habana, was quite old.  While little of the history of the history of the Havanese is...

Italian Greyhound

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

While it is true that much is said of the history of the Italian Greyhound, the truth is little of it can be backed up with fact.  What is known is that the Italian Greyhound is likely on...

Japanese Chin

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Small 4-8 lb
Small 8-15 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The Japanese Chin was first introduced to the West as a result of Japan.  While the breed was developed and refined in that nation, its original ancestors were native to China.  For many...

King Charles Spaniel

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: Low Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

The name Spaniel comes from the French term, “Chiens des l’Espagnol,” which translates to, “dogs of the Spaniard.”  Because of their name, it is commonly assumed that Spaniels originated...

Lowchen

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

Lowchen fanciers claim the breed definitively existed as early as 1434, noting the appearance of what appears to be a Lowchen in the painting “The Arnolfini Marriage” by J...

Maltese

BREED BASICS
Size:
XX-Small Under 4 lb
X-Small 4-8 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The Maltese is one of the oldest known dog breeds, and possibly the oldest surviving European breed.  The Maltese was not only created long before organized records of dog breedi...

Miniature Pinscher

BREED BASICS
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 15 to 18 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog

 

The Miniature Pinscher is certainly an old breed, and has been a resident of Germany for at least 200 years.  Because this breed was created before organized records of dog breeding were...

Papillon

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Small 4-8 lb
Small 8-15 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The Papillon is a very old breed, and is in fact one of the oldest known European breeds.  It is generally believed that the Papillon is between 700 and 800 years old, this assertion bein...

Pekingese

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: Low Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back

 

The Pekingese was created many centuries before organized records were kept of dog breeding, so most of the early history of the breed has been lost in time.  However, much can be assumed...

Pomeranian

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Small 4-8 lb
Small 8-15 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

A member of the ancient Spitz type, the Pomeranian was created in an era well before records were kept of dog breeding and quite possibly before the invention writing.  As a result, much...

Pug

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

The Pug’s history is something of a mystery.  These dogs have long been associated with the nobility of both the Netherlands and England, but most agree that these dogs were originally na...

Tibetan Spaniel

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

One theory to explain the breed’s prehistory has been provided by Professor Ludvic von Schulmuth, a noted cynologist, who began studying the history of Tibetan dog breeds in the early par...

Tibetan Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

A truly ancient breed with a much debated ancestry the exact history and lineage of the Tibetan Terrier is unknown; however the breed is believed to have evolved over time from the North...

Toy Manchester Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

For more information on the origin of this breed, please see the History section of the Manchester Terrier article.

 

Yorkshire Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

In beginning to delve into the true history and the breeds that went into the development of the Yorkshire Terrier, we (in modern times) have the advantage of being able to quote from...

English Toy Spaniel

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: Low Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week

 

English Toy Spaniels are companion dogs native to England and have long been the favorites of the English nobility.  The English Toy Spaniel is known in its native country as the King C...

Group 2 (Terriers)

Breeds In This Category: 

Airedale Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

Prior to the Airedale, the sporting men of Yorkshire used both the Rough Coated English Black and Tan Terrier and the Otter Hound for hunting fox, badger, weasel, otter, water rat, an...

American Staffordshire Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

This breed is so closely related to the other types that comprise the Bully breed group, please see the history section of the article about Bully breeds...

Australian Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The Australian Terrier is one of the oldest native Australian breeds.  Much of the development of the Australian Terrier was not recorded and has been lost to history.  However, a great d...

Bedlington Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The earliest documented account of a Terrier type dog resembling the Bedlington comes from 1702 when a Hungarian nobleman, Z. Molar, visiting Rothbury (where a large gypsy population resi...

Border Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The Border Terrier is a small rough coated breed originally developed as a fox and vermin hunter in and around the Cheviot Hills between England and Scotland. This region, which included...

Bull Terrier (Miniature)

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

Descended from dogs known to be fierce gladiators in the fighting arena, the Miniature Bull Terrier has a long and dignified past.  Although the breed has a much more gentle temperament n...

Bull Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The story of how the Bull Terrier came into existence begins in the middle ages, with the sport of baiting.  This is a blood sport in which a game dog is pitted against a confined animal...

Cairn Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The ancestors of the Cairn Terrier roamed Scotland for centuries; these “Earth Dogs”, as the word Terrier translates, were valued for their gameness (their fearlessness and toughness in f...

Cesky Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The history of the Scottish Terrier goes back centuries, and with a breed as aged as the Scottie, there is little documentation about its precise origins.  What is known however...

Dandie Dinmont Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The early history of the Dandie Dinmont Terrier, and most other terriers, remains a mystery, as these dogs existed long before written records of dog breeding were kept, and they have...

Smooth Fox Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

Smooth Fox Terriers originated in the 1700s, when they began to be more specifically developed by sportsmen for fox hunting. At that juncture in British history, hunting for sport had gai...

Glen of Imaal Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The Glen of Imaal Terrier’s story begins in the 16th century with Queen Elizabeth I, the queen regnant of England and Ireland, who in the 1570’s sought a way to maintain o...

Irish Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

Long before they entered dog show competition, Irish Terriers could be found spread far and wide throughout all of Ireland; this included Northern Ireland where many families or villages...

Jack Russell Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

For detailed information regarding the ancient history and origin of the Jack Russell Terrier please see the History section of the Parson Ru...

Kerry Blue Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

The Kerry Blue, like most Terrier breeds, was first used by the poor—the dog of farmers and peasants—who could not afford to keep several different dog breeds, each for a specified purpos...

Lakeland Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The Terrier breeds have a long and noble history, complete with legends of gallantry and conquest.  These dogs were brave little warriors with reputations for being fearless and supreme h...

Norwich Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The name terrier is from the Latin word terra meaning earth. These dogs did the dirty work, pulling their prey out from underground when necessary. In The Sportsman’s Repository...

Parson Russell Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

The Jack Russell Terrier was a type rather than a breed for the vast majority of the dog’s history.  These dogs were initially created by the Reverend John Russell to assist him in huntin...

Scottish Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

The Scottish Terrier was not standardized until the end of the 19th Century, but this breed is generally regarded as being considerably older.  Terriers are some of Scotland...

Sealyham Terrier

BREED BASICS
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

As a young man Edwardes served with the Royal Welch (archaic spelling, not Welsh) Fusiliers 23rd Regiment, which brought him to Gibralter where he first hunted with Calpe Foxhounds. The m...

Skye Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The Skye Terrier is one of the oldest, if not the oldest, unique breed of terrier; created long before dog breeding records were kept, and in an area where written records of any kind wer...

Soft-Coated Wheaten Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

Very little is known with certainty about the early history of the Soft-Coated Wheaten Terrier, other than this dog was developed hundreds of years ago, in a time when next to nothing was...

Staffordshire Bull Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

This breed is so closely related to the other types that comprise the Bully breed group, please see the history section of the article about Bully breeds...

Welsh Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The most commonly held belief is that the Welsh Terrier is the oldest native breed of dog in Britain according to the research of Julian Calder and Alastair Bruce for their book, 'The Old...

West Highland White Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

The West Highland White Terrier is one of the youngest Terrier breeds, and more of its ancestry is known than most other members of the family.  The Terriers are a group of breeds and lan...

Wire Fox Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

British author Gilpin wrote of a Hampshire squire in the 1600s who kept hounds, Spaniels, and Terriers that were clearly part of a country gentleman's sporting group in that century....

Group 3 (Gundogs)

Breeds In This Category: 

American Cocker Spaniel

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

Both the English and American Cocker Spaniel had identical histories up until around the 1930’s, at which time American breeders of the English type began to institute significa...

Brittany Spaniel

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The Brittany was developed in a very rural and remote region of France prior to the start of this century, and almost no verifiable information about its development has survived.  This m...

Chesapeake Bay Retriever

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 8 to 10 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

The most widely accepted version of the Chesapeake Bay Retrievers history is that two Newfoundland dogs, a male and a female, originally destined for importation into England, were re...

Clumber Spaniel

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

 One of the more colorful, and romantic tales of the origin of the Clumber Spaniel is of a clandestine escape across the English Channel.  This theory being that the Clumber...

English Cocker Spaniel

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The first Cocker Spaniel shown in a dog show was in 1859 in Birmingham, England.  However, in England, The Cocker Spaniel was still considered a “functional breed” not recognized as a spe...

Pointer

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

 

The Pointer is a very old breed, and it was created in a time before written records were kept of dog breeding.  As a result, most of its origins have been lost to time, and thi...

English Setter

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The English Setter is a very old breed, and was created in an era before organized records were kept of dog breeding.  As a result, much of this breed’s history has been lost in time, and...

English Springer Spaniel

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

Although this breed has continued to develop over time, and modern dogs are substantially different than older ones, The English Springer Spaniel is a very old breed.  Most dog experts ag...

Field Spaniel

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The Field Spaniel is thought to have been bred, early on with other Spaniel types such as the Irish Water Spaniel, the Norfolk Spaniel, and the English Springer Spaniel. Originally, t...

Flat-Coated Retriever

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The Flat-Coated Retriever is believed to have been developed during the early part of the 19th century in response to the increasing popularity of wildfowling and waterfowling. Sports...

German Shorthaired Pointer

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The German Shorthaired Pointer, in the form as it exists today is a relatively new creation, although it is descended from much older breeds. The breeds ancestors were originally kept by...

German Wirehaired Pointer

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming:
Brushing Once a Week or Less
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The German Wirehaired Pointer is a recently developed breed, whose origins only go back to the latter half of the 19th Century.  Despite the breeds relatively short history, much of ances...

Golden Retriever

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

Golden Retrievers have become one of the most popular dog breeds in the United States today; ranking 5th on the AKC’s list of “Most popular dogs in the U.S. for 2010...

Gordon Setter

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Everyday LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The Gordon Setter is named for the Fourth Duke of Gordon, who was a great admirer of the breed and operated a major kennel out of his castle.  Although their method of hunting is substant...

Irish Red and White Setter

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

In ancient times, historical information was not always recorded and therefore, a true and complete historical account of the creation and development of the Irish Red and White Sette...

Irish Setter

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The Irish Setter is one of four breeds of Setter, along with the Gordon Setter of Scotland, the English Setter of England, and the Irish Red and White Setter.  The Irish Setter is a relat...

Irish Water Spaniel

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

What is known for sure is that the Irish Water Spaniel is of very ancient ancestry.  Roman ruins show evidence of a similar dog, and the lineage of the breed may include the Port...

Labrador Retriever

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

It is believed that direct ancestor to the Labrador Retriever, the St. John's Water Dog was developed alongside the fishing industry starting as early as the 1500’s. However, si...

Nova Scotia Duck-Tolling Retriever

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

Like many other retriever breeds the early history and development of the Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever was never documented which does leave a lot to speculation and like many b...

Spinone Italiano

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The Spinone Italiano is one of the oldest breeds of gundog, and possibly even predates the use of guns in hunting by over 1000 years.  This breed was created long before written records w...

Sussex Spaniel

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

A type of Land Spaniel, the Sussex variety was originally bred in 1795, by Augustus Elliot Fuller, the owner of Rosehill Park Estate, in Sussex County, England.  He is given cred...

Vizsla (Shorthaired)

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back

 

The Vizsla is one of the oldest European dog breeds in existence today, and is well-over 1000 years old.  This breed comes from a time when little to nothing was written about dog breedin...

Vizsla (Wirehaired)

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

In order to create a Vizsla capable of working in cold climates and retrieving birds from icy water Vasas Jozsef, owner of the Csaba Vizsla Kennel in northern Hungary decided to implemen...

Weimaraner

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The Weimaraner was molded into its present form during the 1800’s, in and around the city of Weimar.  Although Weimar was the capital of an independent state at the time, it is currently...

Welsh Springer Spaniel

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

Previously called the Welsh Starter, this breed was used to spring game for hunters. Prior the invention and common use of the gun, the Welsh Springer Spaniel would spring ground fowl tow...

Weimaraner (Longhair)

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

Although the Longhaired Weimaraner has not yet aquired the recognition of all major American canine organizations, it is recognized by most kennel clubs as the second variety of Weima...

Group 4 (Hounds)

Breeds In This Category: 

Afghan Hound

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

Its true origins shrouded in mystery, the Afghan Hound was developed many centuries before dog breeding records were kept, and possibly even before the invention of writing.  There are ma...

Basenji

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The Basingi's agility, compact strength, speed, and silence, made them valued hunting dogs for the tribes who used them for pointing, retrieving, tracking wounded quarry, and driving...

Basset Hound

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back

 

The history of the Basset Hound prior to the late 1800’s when Basset Artesian Normands were introduced into England is somewhat obscure.  The earliest known description of...

Beagle

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The true origin of the Beagle, like that of many ancient breeds has been forever lost to time. Shrouded in mystery, there is no shortage of theories to explain the birth of the breed....

Black Norwegian Elkhound

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

The History of the Black Norwegian Elkhound was identical to that of the Norwegian Elkhound until the early 1800’s.  In the early 1800’s, a group of Norwegian Elkhoun...

Bloodhound

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+ Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 8 to 10 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

Bloodhounds were one of the first dogs to be carefully bred according to a standard.  Bloodhounds are probably one of the oldest breeds of dogs to originate in Europe.  The...

Bluetick Coonhound

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

When European settlers arrived in America, they brought their dogs along with them.  Europeans had been exhibiting sophisticated dog breeding for many centuries, and had developed many re...

Borzoi

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 8 to 10 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The Borzoi has always been closely associated with the Russian nobility.  These dogs hunted wolves and other game alongside their masters for many centuries.  Although it is generally agr...

Dachshund

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The Dachshund is a unique product of superb engineering and is recognized as the only AKC breed that hunts both above and below ground. It also comes in more classifications, varietie...

English Foxhound

BREED BASICS
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

Dogs resembling modern hound breeds have long been present in what is now England.  For example, there is some evidence to suggest that the origins of the Beagle go back to Pre-R...

Finnish Spitz

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

Spitz type dog breeds are some of the oldest domesticated dogs in the world.  Archaeological evidence in the form of skeletal remains, suggests that there were early ancestors of the Spit...

Greyhound

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

So what is the exact origin of the Greyhound? No one is really sure, although this breed is most commonly  referenced as being of Egyptian decent dating back to 2200 B.C  th...

Harrier

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

There are few breeds of dogs which have a history that is as unknown and disputed as that of the Harrier.  Much of what is said is pure speculation with almost no basis in fact.  Part of...

Ibizan Hound

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

Much of what is now said about the history of the Ibizan Hound is almost completely devoid of historical or archaeological evidence.  What is known for sure is that the breed developed on...

Irish Wolfhound

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+ Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming:
Everyday
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 6 to 8 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

Depending on who you believe, the Irish Wolfhound’s history may go back thousands of years or less than 200.  All dog experts agree that the Irish have possessed a massive sight hound bre...

Miniature Dachshund

BREED BASICS

 

The predominant theory regarding the origin of the Miniature, Dwarf and Rabbit Dachshunds is that Standard Smooth Dachshunds were bred with toy terriers or pinschers to reduce their...

Norwegian Elkhound

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

Believed by many to be one of the oldest dog breeds, the Norwegian Elkhound has been present in Scandinavia since the earliest known records of the area as a fearless and loyal hunter of...

Otterhound

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

Most try to date the Otterhound (as a breed) back to the time of King John (of Magna Carta fame), the King of England from 1199-1216 and who is reported to have hunted with a packs of...

Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Everyday LifeSpan: 15 to 18 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

For the majority of its existence the Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen was considered to be one in the same with the Grand Basset Griffon, and both breeds were generically referred to as...

Pharaoh Hound

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

While there are many that claim to know the true origin of this ancient breed, the truth is that the Pharaoh Hound was created centuries before dog breeding records were kept and quite po...

Rabbit Dachshund

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

Rhodesian Ridgeback

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

Although the Rhodesian Ridgeback was named for the country of Rhodesia, most of the breeds actual development occurred in South Africa.  The breed’s history begins with the Khoi Khoi and...

Saluki

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

The Saluki is reputed to be one of the oldest, if not the oldest breed of dog found anywhere in the world. There is, however, a great deal of dispute surrounding the origin of the breed,...

Scottish Deerhound

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 8 to 10 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

On display at the National Museum of Scotland in Edinburgh, Roman pottery from the 1st century A.D., found in Argyll in western Scotland, shows deer hunts with large, rough coated hou...

Sloughi

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog

 

Almost nothing is known for sure about the history of the Sloughi, as this breed was first developed long before written records were kept of dog breeding, possibly even predating the int...

Standard Dachshund

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

Whippet

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The Whippet’s history begins with that of the larger Greyhound from which it descended.  A native of England, the Greyhound is an ancient breed, and was already well-established in Englan...

Miniature Dachshund Long-haired

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Everyday LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

Numerous theories exist as to the origin of the Longhaired Dachshund variety, each slightly different than the next with no definitive evidence as to which one is actually correct. Wh...

Miniature Dachshund Smooth-haired

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: Varies According to Type
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The predominant theory regarding the origin of the Miniature, Dwarf and Rabbit Dachshunds is that Standard Smooth Dachshunds were bred with toy terriers or pinschers to reduce their s...

Miniature Dachshund Wire-haired

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

The exact origin of the Wirehaired Dachshund can not be precisely traced, although the most commonly excepted theory regarding the development of the Wirehaired Dachshund is that Smo...

Rabbit Dachshund Long-haired

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Everyday LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

 

Numerous theories exist as to the origin of the Longhaired Dachshund variety, each slightly different than the next with no definitive evidence as to which one is actual...

Rabbit Dachshund Smooth-haired

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The predominant theory regarding the origin of the Miniature, Dwarf and Rabbit Dachshunds is that Standard Smooth Dachshunds were bred with toy terriers or pinschers to reduce th...

Rabbit Dachshund Wire-haired

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

The exact origin of the Wirehaired Dachshund can not be precisely traced, although the most commonly excepted theory regarding the development of the Wirehaired Dachshund is that Smo...

Standard Dachshund Long-haired

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Everyday LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

Numerous theories exist as to the origin of the Longhaired Dachshund variety, each slightly different than the next with no definitive evidence as to which one is actually correct. Wh...

Standard Dachshund Smooth-haired

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

Standard Dachshund Wire-haired

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

The exact origin of the Wirehaired Dachshund can not be precisely traced, although the most commonly excepted theory regarding the development of the Wirehaired Dachshund is that Smo...

Group 5 (Working Dogs)

Breeds In This Category: 

Australian Cattle Dog

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The history of the Australian Cattle Dog begins in 1802, when George Hall and his family immigrated to Australia from their home in the north of England.  The family moved to the...

Australian Shepherd

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

There are few breeds with as disputed a history as the Australian Shepherd.  The Australian Shepherd was largely developed in a time before written records were kept of dog breed...

Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The origin of the Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog is a mystery, and a hotly debated one.  The breed was developed in extremely rural areas and was bred exclusively as a working dog. ...

Bearded Collie

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

A native of Scotland, the Bearded Collie is considered to be one of the oldest of Scottish breeds, dating back to at least the 1600’s.  Collie is the Scottish word for sheepdog, and there...

Belgian Shepherd Dog

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: High Energy
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

Records coming out of ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia, dating over 3000 years ago, indicate that dogs were kept to tend livestock even at this early time in pre-history. Pastoral themed...

Belgian Shepherd Dog (Groenendael)

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

Please see the main Belgian Shepherd Dog page for information on the history of the breed.

 

 

Belgian Shepherd Dog (Laekenois)

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The Belgian Lakenois is considered by many to be both the oldest and rarest of the Belgian Shepherd Dog varieties. Its roots are believed to trace back to the 1700’s where the Laekenois w...

Belgian Shepherd Dog (Malinois)

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

In Belgium, Germany, the Netherlands and other European countries, as well as in the United States, Canada and Australia, the Malinois can be found working in the fields of personal p...

Belgian Shepherd Dog (Tervuren)

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

Please see the main Belgian Shepherd Dog page for information on the history of the breed.

 

 

 

...

Border Collie

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

Prior to the late 1800’s the history of the Border Collie is a mystery.  It was during this time that the various modern Collie breeds began to diverge from the landraces and random bred...

Bouvier des Flandres

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming:
Everyday
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The history of the Bouvier des Flandres is among the most disputed of all dogs.  There are dozens of different theories as to its origin, and there is very little evidence to sup...

Briard

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The breed was not called “Briard” until around 1809. Prior to that time they were known as “Chien d’Aubry”, Chien d’Montargis”, and, most commonly as “Chien Berger de Brie” or “Chien de B...

Cardigan Welsh Corgi

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

Known informally as Cardigans, Cardigan Welsh Corgis, as the name implies, begin their history with the Corgis proper. Though thought to be Cousins, the Cardigan and the Pembroke are...

Finnish Lapphund

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

Almost nothing is known about the origins of the Finnish Lapphund.  This breed was first developed hundreds of years before literacy entered the region of its origins, and in any...

German Shepherd Dog

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 8 to 10 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

As early man began to dominate the landscape through technological advances, coupled with the advent of agriculture, he would cease his nomadic hunter gatherer wanderings. This change...

Komondor

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+ Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 8 to 10 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

Written records of the Komondor have only been found from the last few centuries, with the earliest dating back to 1544.  However, there is an almost universal belief that the br...

Kuvasz

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

Much of the history of the Kuvasz has been lost in time.  This breed is so ancient that it certainly predates the keeping of dog breeding records, and may even predate the invention of wr...

Norwegian Buhund

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The Norwegian Buhund is one of the oldest Nordic breeds and a Spitz-type sheepherding dog, notable for its prick ears and tail that curl across its back. Nordic Spitz-type breeds are...

Old English Sheepdog

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

In previous centuries there were few, if any, records kept of dog breeds; especially those breeds that were not kept by the nobility for hunting or companionship; therefore little solid e...

Pembroke Welsh Corgi

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

Pembroke Welsh Corgis, as the name implies, begin their history with the Corgis proper. Though thought to be Cousins, the Cardigan and the Pembroke are actually two distinct lines, with P...

Polish Lowland Sheepdog

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

Thought to have descended from one or more of the Tibetan dog breeds, the Polish Lowland Sheepdog may have been developed from either the intentional or unintentional breeding of dogs...

Puli

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

Much of the history of the Puli has been shrouded in mystery.  The breed originated in a time before written records of dog breeding and development were kept.  The breed...

Pumi

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The Pumi is an ancient breed developed in a time before written records were kept of dog breeding, so very little is known for sure about its ancestry.  This problem is exacerbated by the...

Rough Collie

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

Although there is a lot of speculation, virtually nothing is known for sure about the history of the Collie prior to the late 1800’s.  Collie-type dogs originated in an era when almost no...

Shetland Sheepdog

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The first of what would become Shetland Sheepdogs were Spitz-type dogs, most similar to the modern day Icelandic sheepdog. It is likely that the original stock comprised Scandinavian...

Smooth Collie

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

Although the exact history of the breed is somewhat of a mystery, it is certain that it shares the majority of it with the Rough Collie.  As such, for detailed information rega...

Swedish Vallhund

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The Pembroke Welsh Corgi looks like a stockier version of the Swedish Vallhund; albeit  with even shorter legs and a longer body. The similarity is such that two breeds could be related,...

Group 6 (Utility)

Breeds In This Category: 

Akita Inu

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

Archaeological evidence in the form of dog prints found in pit houses from the Jomon period (8000 to 300 B.C) suggest that dogs were raised as pets inside homes as early as 3,000 year...

Alaskan Malamute

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The Alaskan Malamute or “Mal” is a large, wolf-like ancient breed of domestic dog believed to be the oldest breed on the North American continent and probably the breed lo...

American Akita

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+ Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

Please see the Akita “Main Page” for the complete history of the breed.

 

The story of the Amer...

Anatolian Shepherd Dog

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+ Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

As early as 6000 years ago, a landrace of large sized, heavily boned domesticated dogs were living among humans.  The earliest duties of these canines were as hunting companions to man; h...

Bernese Mountain Dog

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Brushing Once a Week or Less
LifeSpan: 6 to 8 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

It is difficult to decipher the true origins of the Bernese Mountain Dog as this is an old breed that was developed in a time well before written records of dog breeding were kept. Adding...

Black Russian Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+ Energy Level: High Energy
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

In the early part of the 20th century, following the Russian Revolution, the future of many purebred native dogs in Russia was bleak.  Many Russian breeds had been slaughtered during the...

Boxer

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

Although the Boxer is a relatively modern creation, not having been standardized into the modern breed until the last years of the 19th Century, the breed’s ancestors are several hundred,...

Bullmastiff

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+ Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 8 to 10 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The Bullmastiff is a relatively young breed, although its primary ancestors are quite old.  The Bullmastiff is the result of crosses between the English Mastiff and the Old English Bulldo...

Canadian Eskimo Dog

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The Canadian Eskimo Dog is a truly ancient breed, and along with the Alaskan Malamute and Carolina Dog is probably the oldest breed native to North America.  The Canadian Eskimo...

Doberman Pinscher

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 8 to 10 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

Although the Doberman Pinscher is a relatively new breed, there is still a significant amount of mystery surrounding its origin.  However, it is certain that this breed was created in the...

Dogue de Bordeaux

BREED BASICS
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 6 to 8 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

Although only standardized into its modern form in the early part of the 20th Century, the Dogue de Bordeaux is one of the oldest of all French breeds.  This breed was developed in an era...

English Mastiff

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+ Energy Level: Low Energy
LifeSpan: 6 to 8 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective

 

The Mastiff is perhaps the oldest British dog breed, and the one for which the greatest amount of historical evidence exists.  This breed has been present in England for many centuries, a...

Giant Schnauzer

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

It is most likely that the Bear Schnauzer (the alleged ancestor of the Giant Schnauzer) was a cross between the Old German Shepherd Dog (Altdeutsche Schäferhunde) and the Standard Schnauz...

Kangal Dog

BREED BASICS

Leonberger

BREED BASICS

Miniature Schnauzer

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

 

The Miniature Schnauzer was initially created by taking the smallest examples of the Standard Schnauzer and then crossing these dogs with similar breeds of a smaller size. Exact...

Neapolitan Mastiff

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+ Energy Level: Low Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 8 to 10 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The Neapolitan Mastiff is a member of a group of dogs commonly known as Molossers or Mastiff-type dogs.  This group contains a large number of breeds from many countries, and is one of th...

Newfoundland Dog

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+ Energy Level: Low Energy
Grooming: Everyday LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

As controversial as they are varied; over the years several popular theories have arisen to explain the appearance of the large black dog on the island of Newfoundland. The first and...

Portuguese Water Dog

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

A very ancient breed, the Portuguese Water Dog has definitely existed for many centuries, and is quite possibly thousands of years old.  The first written record of the breed dates from 1...

Great Pyrenees

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+ Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

Many dog fanciers assume that all large European livestock guardians are Mastiffs, also known as Mollossers.  As a result, for many years the Great Pyrenees was assumed to have been broug...

Rottweiler

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The Rottweiler is one of oldest surviving herding breeds, with an ancestry that likely extends back to ancient Rome.  This breed was created in an era when few were literate and next to n...

Samoyed

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

Due to their remote location of origin and primitive features, the Samoyed is thought to be one of the oldest breeds of dog; a theory that has recently seemingly been confirmed by modern...

Shiba Inu

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The Shiba Inu was first developed thousands of years ago, long before written records were kept of dog breeding.  As a result, almost nothing is known with certainty about this dog’s hist...

Siberian Husky

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

One of the oldest domesticated breeds of dog, the Siberian Husky traces its earliest ancestry to the harsh tundra of Siberia. Its dense coating and keen intelligence allowed the species t...

St. Bernard

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+ Energy Level: Low Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 8 to 10 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The St. Bernard is an old breed, and most of its early history has been lost to time.  However, most of its history from the 1700’s on is fairly well-documented, and much can be inferred...

Standard Schnauzer

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

Although few Americans realize this today, the Standard Schnauzer and the German Pinscher were once considered two varieties of the same breed.  When the original standards were written f...

Tibetan Mastiff

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+ Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

There has been, historically, a differentiation in types for the Tibetan Mastiff.  Although sprung from the same litters, these two types of Tibetan Mastiffs differ only in size and build...

Group 7 (Non Sporting)

Breeds In This Category: 

Boston Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The Boston Terrier is a relatively modern creation whose early breeders kept very close records and as a result of their diligent records keeping considerably more is known about the ance...

Bulldog

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: Varies From One Dog To The Next
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 6 to 8 Years
Protective Ability: Varies From One Dog To The Next Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

The history of few breeds is as disputed as that of the Bulldog.  The Bulldog was created in an era where records of dog breeding did not exist, and was primarily kept by men who were ver...

Canaan Dog

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The history of the Canaan Dog can be traced back as early as 2200 B.C. at which point it disappears from history just to reappear again in the mid 1930's, this time called the Pariah...

Chow Chow

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: Low Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

Although historical and archaeological records of the Chow Chow date back nearly 2,000 years, almost nothing is known for certain about the origins of the Chow Chow other than the fact th...

Dalmatian

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Varies From One Dog To The Next Trainability: Varies From One Dog To The Next

 

Much has been speculated about the history of this breed, but in truth almost nothing is known for certain. What is known is that they are not the first of their kind as spotted dogs have...

Eurasier

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The Eurasier is one of the most recently developed breeds to achieve widespread international recognition.  Because careful breeding records have been kept of the Eurasier since...

French Bulldog

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: Low Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

The first of what would become the French Bulldog originated in 19th century England.  Lace makers (used to make tablecloths and doilies and in both men's and women's clothing) in Notting...

German Spitz

BREED BASICS

Grossspitz

BREED BASICS

Keeshond

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The Keeshond breed is descended from comparable ancient strains of dogs that produced many other modern Spitz breeds including the Samoyed, the Husky breeds, the Chow Chow, the Finnish Sp...

Kleinspitz

BREED BASICS

Lhasa Apso

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: Low Energy
Grooming:
Everyday
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

Probably one of the most ancient of all dog breeds, the Lhasa Apso was created in a time before written records were kept of dog breeding and quite possibly before the advent of writing;...

Medium Poodle

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

For more information please visit the "Poodle" main page.

 

 

 

Mittelspitz

BREED BASICS

Peruvian Inca Orchid

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Everyday
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

Virtually nothing is known with certainty about the origins of the Peruvian Inca Orchid.  This breed was developed over a thousand years ago by a people who, despite their many impressive...

Schipperke

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The smallest of the Belgian shepherds, the Schipperke resembles a shorter than average haired black Pomeranian and is commonly mistaken for a miniature Spitz.  While it is true that the b...

Shar Pei

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming:
Brushing Once a Week or Less
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

The Shar-Pei was created in a time when few records were kept of dog breeding and in rural areas where literacy was extremely rare.  As a result, very little is known for sure about the o...

Shih Tzu

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: Low Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

As is the case with most Asian companion dog breeds, the history of the Shih Tzu has been lost in time.  The Shih Tzu is certainly a very old breed, but is also almost certainly not nearl...

Standard Poodle

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

Toy Poodle

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Small 4-8 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

   

For more in depth information please visit the "Poodle" main page.

 

 

...

Mexican Hairless Dog ( Xoloitzcuintli )

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 15 to 18 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

Hairlessness occurs in almost every species of mammal and is considered one of the most common spontaneous gene mutations. Only one Xolo, out of any given litter of four to five puppi...

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