England

 

Dog Breeds Originating From England:

Airedale Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

Prior to the Airedale, the sporting men of Yorkshire used both the Rough Coated English Black and Tan Terrier and the Otter Hound for hunting fox, badger, weasel, otter, water rat, an...

Beagle

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The true origin of the Beagle, like that of many ancient breeds has been forever lost to time. Shrouded in mystery, there is no shortage of theories to explain the birth of the breed....

Border Collie

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

Prior to the late 1800’s the history of the Border Collie is a mystery.  It was during this time that the various modern Collie breeds began to diverge from the landraces and random bred...

Border Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The Border Terrier is a small rough coated breed originally developed as a fox and vermin hunter in and around the Cheviot Hills between England and Scotland. This region, which included...

Bull Terrier (Miniature)

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

Descended from dogs known to be fierce gladiators in the fighting arena, the Miniature Bull Terrier has a long and dignified past.  Although the breed has a much more gentle temperament n...

Bull Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The story of how the Bull Terrier came into existence begins in the middle ages, with the sport of baiting.  This is a blood sport in which a game dog is pitted against a confined animal...

Bulldog

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: Varies From One Dog To The Next
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 6 to 8 Years
Protective Ability: Varies From One Dog To The Next Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

The history of few breeds is as disputed as that of the Bulldog.  The Bulldog was created in an era where records of dog breeding did not exist, and was primarily kept by men who were ver...

Bullmastiff

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+ Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 8 to 10 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The Bullmastiff is a relatively young breed, although its primary ancestors are quite old.  The Bullmastiff is the result of crosses between the English Mastiff and the Old English Bulldo...

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

In 1926, the American Roswell Eldridge became interested in restoring the original variety of English Toy Spaniel.  He created a prize at the Cruft’s Dog Show of that year.  He planned to...

Clumber Spaniel

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

 One of the more colorful, and romantic tales of the origin of the Clumber Spaniel is of a clandestine escape across the English Channel.  This theory being that the Clumber...

Cumberland Sheepdog

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: N/A
Grooming: N/A LifeSpan: N/A
Protective Ability: N/A Trainability: N/A

 

One reason for the Cumberland Sheepdogs possible absorption into the Border Collie may relate to its region of prominence. Throughout the early and mid part of the 19th century the Cu...

Curly Coated Retriever

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: High Energy
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

Credited as being an English native, one theory is that the Curly Coated Retriever was originally developed from the sixteenth-century English Water Spaniel and from the Retrieving Se...

English Cocker Spaniel

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The first Cocker Spaniel shown in a dog show was in 1859 in Birmingham, England.  However, in England, The Cocker Spaniel was still considered a “functional breed” not recognized as a spe...

English Foxhound

BREED BASICS
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

Dogs resembling modern hound breeds have long been present in what is now England.  For example, there is some evidence to suggest that the origins of the Beagle go back to Pre-R...

English Mastiff

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+ Energy Level: Low Energy
LifeSpan: 6 to 8 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective

 

The Mastiff is perhaps the oldest British dog breed, and the one for which the greatest amount of historical evidence exists.  This breed has been present in England for many centuries, a...

Pointer

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

 

The Pointer is a very old breed, and it was created in a time before written records were kept of dog breeding.  As a result, most of its origins have been lost to time, and thi...

English Setter

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The English Setter is a very old breed, and was created in an era before organized records were kept of dog breeding.  As a result, much of this breed’s history has been lost in time, and...

English Springer Spaniel

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

Although this breed has continued to develop over time, and modern dogs are substantially different than older ones, The English Springer Spaniel is a very old breed.  Most dog experts ag...

Field Spaniel

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The Field Spaniel is thought to have been bred, early on with other Spaniel types such as the Irish Water Spaniel, the Norfolk Spaniel, and the English Springer Spaniel. Originally, t...

Smooth Fox Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

Smooth Fox Terriers originated in the 1700s, when they began to be more specifically developed by sportsmen for fox hunting. At that juncture in British history, hunting for sport had gai...

French Bulldog

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: Low Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

The first of what would become the French Bulldog originated in 19th century England.  Lace makers (used to make tablecloths and doilies and in both men's and women's clothing) in Notting...

Jack Russell Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

For detailed information regarding the ancient history and origin of the Jack Russell Terrier please see the History section of the Parson Ru...

King Charles Spaniel

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: Low Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

The name Spaniel comes from the French term, “Chiens des l’Espagnol,” which translates to, “dogs of the Spaniard.”  Because of their name, it is commonly assumed that Spaniels originated...

Labrador Retriever

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

It is believed that direct ancestor to the Labrador Retriever, the St. John's Water Dog was developed alongside the fishing industry starting as early as the 1500’s. However, si...

Lakeland Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The Terrier breeds have a long and noble history, complete with legends of gallantry and conquest.  These dogs were brave little warriors with reputations for being fearless and supreme h...

Manchester Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

Terriers have a long history in the British Isles, from where these dogs undoubtedly originated.  The word Terrier comes from the French and Latin terre and terrarius, both meaning earth...

North Country Beagle

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: N/A
Grooming: N/A LifeSpan: N/A
Protective Ability: N/A Trainability: N/A

 

Very little is known for sure about the North Country Beagle.  The breed was almost never the topic of writing, usually appearing in written records only to distinguish it from t...

Old English Bulldog

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: N/A
Grooming: N/A LifeSpan: N/A
Protective Ability: N/A Trainability: N/A

Perhaps no dog breed has as disputed a history as the Old English Bulldog.  Although a great deal is said about its ancestry, much of the information is conflicting, and there is almost no solid ev...

Old English Sheepdog

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

In previous centuries there were few, if any, records kept of dog breeds; especially those breeds that were not kept by the nobility for hunting or companionship; therefore little solid e...

Otterhound

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

Most try to date the Otterhound (as a breed) back to the time of King John (of Magna Carta fame), the King of England from 1199-1216 and who is reported to have hunted with a packs of...

Parson Russell Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

The Jack Russell Terrier was a type rather than a breed for the vast majority of the dog’s history.  These dogs were initially created by the Reverend John Russell to assist him in huntin...

Southern Hound

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: N/A
Grooming: N/A LifeSpan: N/A
Protective Ability: N/A Trainability: N/A

 

The Southern Hound was a very old breed that was developed centuries before written records were kept of dog breeding.  As a result, almost nothing is known for sure about its an...

Staffordshire Bull Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

This breed is so closely related to the other types that comprise the Bully breed group, please see the history section of the article about Bully breeds...

Sussex Spaniel

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

A type of Land Spaniel, the Sussex variety was originally bred in 1795, by Augustus Elliot Fuller, the owner of Rosehill Park Estate, in Sussex County, England.  He is given cred...

Toy Bulldog

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: N/A
Grooming: N/A LifeSpan: N/A
Protective Ability: N/A Trainability: N/A

 

The history of the Toy Bulldog began with that of the Old English Bulldog, an older variety of the English Bulldog that is now widely (albeit not universally) regarded to be extinct.  The...

Toy Manchester Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

For more information on the origin of this breed, please see the History section of the Manchester Terrier article.

 

Whippet

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The Whippet’s history begins with that of the larger Greyhound from which it descended.  A native of England, the Greyhound is an ancient breed, and was already well-established in Englan...

Wire Fox Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

British author Gilpin wrote of a Hampshire squire in the 1600s who kept hounds, Spaniels, and Terriers that were clearly part of a country gentleman's sporting group in that century....

Yorkshire Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

In beginning to delve into the true history and the breeds that went into the development of the Yorkshire Terrier, we (in modern times) have the advantage of being able to quote from...

English Toy Terrier (Black & Tan)

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Small 4-8 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

Bully Breeds

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The history of the bully breeds began in 1835.  In that year, the British Parliament passed the Cruelty to Animals Act.  This act banned two of the most popular sports in En...