France

 

Dog Breeds Originating From France:

Anglo-Francais de Petite Venerie

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The History of the Anglo-Francais de Petite Venerie is mostly uncertain, as this breed was developed in an era before written records were kept of dog breeding.  What is clear is...

Epagneul Bleu de Picardie

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The Epagneul Bleu de Picardie did not develop as a unique breed until the early years of the 20th Century, but can trace its origins back many centuries farther than that.  Epagn...

Ariegeois

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

Because the breed was developed so recently, most of the history of the Ariegeois is known reasonably well.  The Ariegeois is a member of the French scent hound family, a very la...

Artois Hound

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

Artois Hounds were developed in the 1400s to hunt foxes, hares, deer, and wild boar. In the hunt, Artois Hounds are used in small packs of six to eight dogs. This athletic breed is ab...

Barbet

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The history of the Barbet is lengthy and impressive; an ancient European Water Dog, the breed was developed in France, and referenced for centuries in European historical documentatio...

Basset Artesien Normand

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

During the Middle Ages, hunting with hounds became tremendously popular among the nobility of Europe.  This sport became one of the most important, if not the most important, form of recr...

Basset Bleu de Gascogne

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

The French Revolution (1789–1799) was very damaging to the population of most French hunting breeds, leading to the eventual extinction of many.  However, the short-legged Basset Bleu de...

Basset Fauve de Bretagne

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

During the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, hunting with hounds became a popular sport among the European nobility.  Eventually, the hunt became a very important and stylized ritual, as w...

Basset Hound

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back

 

The history of the Basset Hound prior to the late 1800’s when Basset Artesian Normands were introduced into England is somewhat obscure.  The earliest known description of...

Beagle-Harrier

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

There is substantial disagreement about the history of the Beagle-Harrier.  Some say that it may have existed in France since the Late Middle Ages or Early Renaissance, while others claim that...

Beauceron

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

In the early 1800s, large flocks of sheep were common in France; two Beaucerons could tend two-hundred to three-hundred head of sheep. A versatile and superior working dog, Beaucerons cou...

Berger Picard

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The Berger Picard is one of the oldest of all European herding breeds and is almost certainly the oldest from France.  Because this dog was developed hundreds of years before wri...

Billy

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The King’s White Dog, the Chien Blanc du Roy was the ancestor to the Billy and the breeds that make up its early lineage.  The King’s White Dogs were used as pack hun...

Bloodhound

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+ Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 8 to 10 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

Bloodhounds were one of the first dogs to be carefully bred according to a standard.  Bloodhounds are probably one of the oldest breeds of dogs to originate in Europe.  The...

Braque d'Auvergne

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Varies From One Dog To The Next Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The Braque d’Auvergne was developed in an era prior to the keeping of written records of dog breeding.  As a result, much of its early history has been lost to time. ...

Braque de l'Ariege

BREED BASICS
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The Braque de l’Ariege was first developed in the late 19th and early 20th Centuries.  The breed was almost exclusively developed in the Pyrenees Mountains and foothills of...

Braque du Bourbonnais

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The Braque du Bourbonnais is one of the oldest of all pointing breeds.  This dog was developed no later than 1598, when descriptions of the breed begin to appear in French huntin...

Braque du Puy

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: N/A
Grooming: N/A LifeSpan: N/A
Protective Ability: N/A Trainability: N/A

 

Very little is known for sure about the origins of the Braque du Puy, and most of what is claimed is little more than rumor and suspicion.  What is clear is that the dog originat...

Braque Francais

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

Very little is known for sure about the origin of the Braque Francais, as it was developed prior to a time when written records were kept of dog breeding.  All that is known for...

Braque Francais (Gascogne)

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Very Easy To Train

Braque Francais (Pyrenees)

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Very Easy To Train

Braque Saint-Germain

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The Braque Saint-Germain was first developed in the early 1800’s, although its ancestors can be traced back many centuries.  The Braque Saint-Germain is the result of cross...

Briard

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The breed was not called “Briard” until around 1809. Prior to that time they were known as “Chien d’Aubry”, Chien d’Montargis”, and, most commonly as “Chien Berger de Brie” or “Chien de B...

Briquet Griffon Vendeen

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The Briquet Griffon Vendeen, or Medium Griffon Vendeen, is the direct descendant of the Grand Griffon Vendeen.  The large Grand Griffon Vendeen was used to hunt large game such as wolves...

Brittany Spaniel

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The Brittany was developed in a very rural and remote region of France prior to the start of this century, and almost no verifiable information about its development has survived.  This m...

Bruno Jura Hound

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years

Chien Francais Blanc et Noir

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years

Chien Francais Blanc et Orange

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years

Chien Francais Tricolore

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years

Chien Gris

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: N/A
Grooming: N/A LifeSpan: N/A
Protective Ability: N/A Trainability: N/A

 

Very little is known for sure about the Chien Gris.  It was developed in an era long before written records were kept of dog breeding, and almost all of the few records which exi...

Dogue de Bordeaux

BREED BASICS
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 6 to 8 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

Although only standardized into its modern form in the early part of the 20th Century, the Dogue de Bordeaux is one of the oldest of all French breeds.  This breed was developed in an era...

Grand Basset Griffon Vendeen

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

 

Since this breed is considered to be a member of a group of simimliar dogs that developed on around the same time, for more information about this breeds history please...

Grand Bleu de Gascogne

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

Unlike the vast majority of French hounds, the Grand Bleu de Gascogne has developed a following outside of its native country.  The breed has long had a small but dedicated follo...

Grand Griffon Vendeen

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog

 

The Grand Griffon Vendeen has been highly influential in the development of other dog breeds.  The breed is the direct ancestor of the Briquet Griffon Vendeen and both Basset Gri...

Lowchen

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

Lowchen fanciers claim the breed definitively existed as early as 1434, noting the appearance of what appears to be a Lowchen in the painting “The Arnolfini Marriage” by J...

Medium Poodle

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

For more information please visit the "Poodle" main page.

 

 

 

Papillon

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Small 4-8 lb
Small 8-15 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The Papillon is a very old breed, and is in fact one of the oldest known European breeds.  It is generally believed that the Papillon is between 700 and 800 years old, this assertion bein...

Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Everyday LifeSpan: 15 to 18 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

For the majority of its existence the Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen was considered to be one in the same with the Grand Basset Griffon, and both breeds were generically referred to as...

Petit Bleu de Gascogne

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

Like many large French Hounds, the Petit Bleu de Gascogne’s numbers suffered as a result of the French Revolution and both World Wars.  However, the breed has always been h...

Porcelaine

BREED BASICS

Great Pyrenees

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+ Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

Many dog fanciers assume that all large European livestock guardians are Mastiffs, also known as Mollossers.  As a result, for many years the Great Pyrenees was assumed to have been broug...

Pyrenean Shepherd

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

Much of the history of the Pyrenean Shepherd has been lost to the ages. What is known is that the Pyrenean Shepherd developed long before any records of dog breeding were kept. This b...

Toy Poodle

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Small 4-8 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

   

For more in depth information please visit the "Poodle" main page.

 

 

...

Wirehaired Pointing Griffon

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The name Griffon is a relatively generic term used to describe a number of European breeds which share a wiry coat.  While most Griffons are hunting breeds, a few have been developed as c...

Chiens Francais

BREED BASICS

 

Hunting with hounds has been a popular pastime in France since the dawn of recorded history.  The earliest written accounts of what is now France mention that the Gauls and Vasco...