United States

 

Dog Breeds Originating From The United States:

Alapaha Blue Blood Bulldog

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

Documented history and early American photographs provide sound evidence that a species of Bulldog resembling the Alapaha has existed in America for over two hundred years; mainly in...

Alaskan Klee Kai

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Small 4-8 lb
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

It was during the mid 1970’s, on a trip to Oklahoma with her husband to visit her in-laws that Mrs. Spurlin first came across the dog that would become her inspiration for the b...

Alaskan Malamute

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The Alaskan Malamute or “Mal” is a large, wolf-like ancient breed of domestic dog believed to be the oldest breed on the North American continent and probably the breed lo...

American Alsatian

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: Low Energy
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The History of the American Alsatian is almost entirely due to the work of Lois Denny. As a child  in 1969, after being followed home by a German Shepherd mix, she fell in love w...

American Bulldog

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: Varies From One Dog To The Next
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

Because the American Bulldog and its ancestors developed in a time before written records were kept of dog breeding, there is much mystery surrounding its early ancestry.  What i...

American Bully

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: Varies From One Dog To The Next
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Varies From One Dog To The Next Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

Until the 1990’s, the American Bully did not exist at all.  Its ancestors, however, have been very well known in the United States for almost two hundred years.  For m...

American Cocker Spaniel

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

Both the English and American Cocker Spaniel had identical histories up until around the 1930’s, at which time American breeders of the English type began to institute significa...

American Eskimo Dog

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Small 4-8 lb
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The American Eskimo was developed from members of the Spitz type family of dogs, which in turn had been developed from early Nordic breeds only a few steps removed from the wolf. Around 4...

American Foxhound

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

For most of history, the preferred quarry of the English nobility was deer. Foxes on the other hand  were considered vermin, and hunting them less than noble, as such fox hunting was typi...

American Hairless Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Small 4-8 lb
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: N/A LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The History of the American Hairless Terrier was identical to that of the Rat Terrier until the 1970’s.  Terriers were first developed in the British Isles at least several...

American Mastiff

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+ Energy Level: Low Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 8 to 10 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

The American Mastiff as a unique breed was first developed between 20 and 25 years ago in Piketon, Ohio.  However, it can trace its lineage back many centuries through both of the breeds used...

American Pit Bull Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

This breed is so closely related to the other types that comprise the Bully breed group, please see the history section of the article about Bully breeds...

American Staffordshire Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

This breed is so closely related to the other types that comprise the Bully breed group, please see the history section of the article about Bully breeds...

American Water Spaniel

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

References to Spaniel type dogs have historically been documented in early European records, and their early ancestors may have migrated into the European continent with nomadic hunter ga...

Antebellum Bulldog

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

Although the Antebellum Bulldog was only recently developed, it is a recreation of a much older breed.  The history of the Antebellum Bulldog can trace back to that of the Old En...

Australian Shepherd

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

There are few breeds with as disputed a history as the Australian Shepherd.  The Australian Shepherd was largely developed in a time before written records were kept of dog breed...

Black and Tan Coonhound

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

When European settlers first arrived in the America’s they brought their trusted canine companions with them.  Settlers from different nations brought breeds popular in their home countri...

Black and Tan Virginia Foxhound

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming:
Brushing Once a Week or Less
Rarely
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The Black and Tan Virginia Foxhound can trace its ancestry back to several other breeds of pack hunting scenthounds.  During the Middle Ages, hunting with packs of dogs became on...

Blackmouth Cur

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

In truth, no one really knows where or how the Black Mouth Cur was developed.  All that is known for sure is that these dogs were developed in the Southern United States as gener...

Blue Lacy

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

Most of the exact details of the Blue Lacy’s history have been lost to time, but canine historians and breed fanciers have been able to piece together the general line of events...

Bluetick Coonhound

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

When European settlers arrived in America, they brought their dogs along with them.  Europeans had been exhibiting sophisticated dog breeding for many centuries, and had developed many re...

Boston Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The Boston Terrier is a relatively modern creation whose early breeders kept very close records and as a result of their diligent records keeping considerably more is known about the ance...

Boykin Spaniel

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The official state dog of South Carolina, the Boykin Spaniel boasts that status of being the only dog originally bred for South Carolina hunters by South Carolinians.   His...

Canadian Pointer

BREED BASICS
Energy Level: N/A
Grooming: N/A LifeSpan: N/A
Protective Ability: N/A Trainability: N/A

Carolina Dog

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

The Carolina Dog has only entered the written record within the last 40 years when it was first noticed by scientists.  As a result, it is impossible to say anything with certain...

Louisiana Catahoula Leopard Dog

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

Many claims are made about the history of the Louisiana Catahoula Leopard Dog, but the truth is that essentially nothing is known for sure about the true origins of this breed. ...

Chesapeake Bay Retriever

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 8 to 10 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

The most widely accepted version of the Chesapeake Bay Retrievers history is that two Newfoundland dogs, a male and a female, originally destined for importation into England, were re...

Chinook

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Varies From One Dog To The Next

 

Developed during the 20th Century, more of the Chinook’s history is definitely known than is the case with most breeds, though a series of disasters and breeder actions has somewhat obscu...

English Shepherd

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

Very little is known with certainty about the history of the English Shepherd as this breed has always been kept primarily by family farmers who were unlikely to write about their dog...

Hawaiian Poi Dog

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: N/A
Grooming: N/A LifeSpan: N/A
Protective Ability: N/A Trainability: N/A

 

The Hawaiian Poi Dog arrived first arrived in the Hawaiian Islands with the first Polynesian settlers, who first arrived on Hawaii’s shores sometime between 300 and 800 A.D.  The Hawaiian...

Kyi-Leo

BREED BASICS

McNab

BREED BASICS

Miniature Australian Shepherd

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Small 4-8 lb
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Varies From One Dog To The Next Trainability: Varies From One Dog To The Next

 

The history of the Miniature Australian Shepherd began in the late 1960’s.  During those years, a horse fancier in Norco, California named Doris Cordova began to notice that a number of A...

Mountain Cur

BREED BASICS

Plott Hound

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The Plott Hound, although possessing an old and noble lineage, has a well documented history of its specific genesis and development. The story of the Plott Hound  begins in Germany, with...

Rat Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Varies From One Dog To The Next Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

Developed as a working farm dog, in often remote areas, early Rat Terrier breeders cared very little for pedigrees or paperwork and placed the emphasis on working ability. As a result, mu...

Redbone Coonhound

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

Throughout the Middle Ages, hunting with hounds was a popular sport among the nobility.  It was important for forming social and political relationships, as well as for enjoyment and recr...

Stephens Cur

BREED BASICS

Teddy Roosevelt Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Varies From One Dog To The Next Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

In 1901, Theodore Roosevelt became America’s 26th President.  Roosevelt, better known as Teddy was an avid hunter.  He was often accompanied on his hunting trips by a...

Toy Fox Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Small 4-8 lb
Small 8-15 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog

 

Developed in the early decades of the twentieth century Toy Fox Terrier, breeders debated about the right size for the dog, some wanting it to remain a toy, while others wanted the dog a...

Toy Manchester Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

For more information on the origin of this breed, please see the History section of the Manchester Terrier article.

 

Treeing Cur

BREED BASICS

American English Coonhound

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog

 

It has been said that the history of the American English Coonhound is the history of all coonhounds.  While this is something of an exaggeration, the ancestry of this breed is v...

Bully Breeds

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The history of the bully breeds began in 1835.  In that year, the British Parliament passed the Cruelty to Animals Act.  This act banned two of the most popular sports in En...