Sloughi

 

The Sloughi is a breed of sight hound native to the Maghreb, a region of North Africa consisting of the modern nations of Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, and Morocco.  Used for hunting gazelles, hares, and other fleet-footed game in its homeland, the Sloughi is among the fastest and most heat-tolerant of all breeds.  Although considerably better known in Europe and North Africa, the Sloughi is slowing gaining a following in the United States, where it primarily serves as a companion animal and show dog.  The Sloughi is one of the most ancient of all dogs and has been kept by many different peoples, of the region, but is primarily associated with the Berbers.  The Sloughi is also known as the Arabian Greyhound, Moroccan Greyhound, Berber Greyhound, Maghrebi Greyhound, Arabian Sighthound, Maghrebi Sight Hound, the Slougui, Sloughi Moghrebi, Al Hor, and the Levrier Marocain.

Breed Information

Breed Basics

Country of Origin: 
Size: 
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
LifeSpan: 
12 to 15 Years
Energy Level: 
Medium Energy
Grooming: 
Brushing Once a Week or Less
Protective Ability: 
Good Watchdog
Hypoallergenic Breed: 
No
Space Requirements: 
House with Yard
Compatibility With Other Pets: 
Generally Good With Other Dogs
Likely To Chase Or Injure Non-Canine Pets
May Have Issues With Other Dogs
Not Recommended For Homes With Small Animals
Litter Size: 
3-7 puppies
Names: 
Arabian Greyhound, Moroccan Greyhound, Berber Greyhound, Maghrebi Greyhound, Arabian Sighthound, Maghrebi Sight Hound, Slougui, Sloughi Moghrebi, Al Hor, Levrier Marocain

Height/Weight

Males: 
55-65 lbs, 26-29 inches
Females: 
35-50 lbs, 24-27 inches

Kennel Clubs and Recognition

ANKC (Australian National Kennel Council): 
FCI (Federation Cynologique Internationale): 
KC (The Kennel Club): 
NZKC (New Zealand Kennel Club): 
UKC (United Kennel Club): 
History: 

 

Almost nothing is known for sure about the history of the Sloughi, as this breed was first developed long before written records were kept of dog breeding, possibly even predating the introduction of writing in the region of its development.  What is known for sure is that the Sloughi was developed primarily in the Maghreb, a region of North Africa usually defined as anything north of the Sahara and west of Egypt.  Although Morocco is usually given as the Sloughi’s nation of origin, the breed has just as long an association with Algeria, Tunisia, and Libya. The first written mention of the Sloughi comes from the Moroccan author Al Mansur, whose writings are traditionally placed in the 13th Century, but this dog is almost certainly many centuries, and perhaps millennia, older.  There are several theories as to the origins of the Sloughi, but most are based on the flimsiest of evidence and are little more than educated speculation.

 

Although there is much debate among experts, most estimate place the date of the domestication of the dog between 14,000 and 100,000 years ago.  Almost all researchers now agree that the dog was the first species to be domesticated by man.  At one time it was thought that dogs may have been domesticated independently several times, but genetic tests seem to indicate that all dogs are primarily descended from one or two domestication events that took place in India, China, and/or the Middle East. In these areas the wolves were typically smaller, less aggressive, and more comfortable around man.  The earliest dogs were very similar to the Wolf, and were likely virtually identical in appearance to the semi-wild Dingo of Australia.  These early dogs accompanied bands of hunter-gatherers across the Stone Age World, serving as camp guardians, hunting aides, and companion animals.  Dogs proved so valuable that they quickly spread, and other than a few remote islands, could soon be found living beside man in every location that man had settled.  Although it is unclear exactly when, dogs eventually crossed the Sinai Peninsula and the Arabian Sea to reach North Africa.  Some of the earliest evidence for dogs in the region can be found on petroglyphs dating to between 6,000 and 8,000 B.C., although it is thought that they may have arrived considerably earlier.  At the time, the Earth’s climate was considerably different than it is today, and much of the Sahara was wet and fertile.  These petroglyphs show ancient dogs hunting the big game species that were once common in the region, such as antelope and gazelles.

 

Initially, all dogs were quite similar, and would remain a rather uniform landrace for thousands of years.  That began to change with the development of agriculture in the Middle East around 14,000 years ago.  Agriculture allowed for larger populations, and the ability for man to live a more sedentary life, as he no longer had to hunt for every meal. This led to career specialization and eventually a class structure.  Slowly, cities began to emerge in the regions of Mesopotamia and Egypt, followed by chiefdoms, kingdoms, and empires.  These new polities were led by a class of nobles who had a substantial amount of both power and time for recreation.  One of their favorite pastimes was hunting, which at this time was primarily conducted by the use of dogs and falcons. The vast open expanses of Mesopotamia and Egypt are home to many fleet-footed prey species, including deer, gazelles, ostriches, and hares.  Middle Eastern royalty (or more likely their servants) bred a race of very fast dogs capable of running down even the fastest game.  Such dogs begin to appear on pottery, monuments, and other artifacts in both Egypt and Mesopotamia between 5,000 and 7,000 B.C.  These early sight hounds are virtually indistinguishable from modern breeds, especially the Pharaoh Hound and Saluki.

 

For many years, it was assumed that all sight hounds were descended from this Ancient Egyptian and Mesopotamian stock.  The theory held that these ancient dogs developed into the Saluki of Egypt, Arabia, and Persia and the Afghan Hound of Afghanistan and Central Asia.  These dogs were then spread across the Ancient World as a result of trade, diplomacy, migration, and conquest.  Proponents of this theory gave three possibilities as to how and when the ancestors of the Sloughi first arrived in the Maghreb.  It has been suggested that Maghrebi tribes acquired the dogs directly from the Ancient Egyptians centuries before the birth of Christ.  It is also possible that Phoenician traders sailing from the Levant brought the dogs to North Africa.  There was a heavy Phoenician presence in North Africa for centuries, largely due to the colony of Carthage.  Finally, it has been suggested that the Sloughi is descended from Salukis which accompanied Arab conquerors across North Africa beginning in 647 B.C.  Recent evidence has called all of these possibilities into question, and the third has been largely discredited on the basis of earthenware showing that the Sloughi may have been present in the Maghreb by 3,000 B.C. more than 2,500 years before the arrival of Islamic Armies.

 

Recent genetic evidence strongly suggests that sight hounds have been developed independently several times throughout history, and in several locations.  Much of this evidence is based on genetics.  The genetic evidence shows that the Sloughi is not particularly closely related to other sight hounds, but is more closely related to the Azawakh of the Sahel (a band of comparatively fertile land immediately south of the Sahara stretching from Mauretania in the east to Sudan in the west) than any other.  This evidence strongly suggests that the Sloughi was developed by the region’s inhabitants from local dogs, most likely the semi-feral Pariah Dogs that scavenge settlements from Morocco to India.  Genetic tests also show that a unique variety of the glucose isomerase gene is found in the Sloughi.  The only other canids that possess this gene are jackals, the Italian Wolf, the Azawakh, and a few Japanese dog breeds.  As a result of this evidence, it is likely that at some point the Sloughi or Azawakh may have been crossed with jackals or jackal/dog hybrids.  It was once thought that a dog and a jackal could not produce fertile offspring, but recent breeding efforts conducted in Russia to develop bomb sniffing dogs seem to have disproved this.  Although the Sloughi was likely developed largely from local dogs, it was surely periodically crossed with similar breeds over the centuries, especially the Saluki and Azawakh.

 

However and whenever the Sloughi was first developed, it became much prized by the Berber peoples.  The Berbers are a collection of closely-related people who speak similar languages.  Considered the indigenous inhabitants of the Maghreb, Berbers have been found in North Africa since at least Roman Times, and possibly much earlier.  It is very possible, and perhaps likely, that the Berbers were the original developers of the Sloughi breed.  After Islam entered the region in the 600’s, many Berbers were Arabicized, but large populations of Berber speakers are still found in the Maghreb, especially in mountainous regions of Morocco and Algeria.  The Sloughi was especially prized by the Berber nobility, and in most places it was illegal for anyone not of noble blood to own one of these dogs.  According to Islamic tradition, most dogs are considered unclean and subject to certain taboos.  For example, dogs are not allowed to enter a home or tent, nor are humans allowed to eat meat that has been tainted by a dog, such as when a dog bites it.  However, Islam does make a distinction between the Al Hor, or “The Noble One,” and the Kelb, or “Mongrel.  The Al Hor is not considered unclean, and is allowed to share the tents of even the noblest Sheik.  Animals captured by the Al Hor may also be eaten.  The Saluki is traditionally associated as being the Al Hor, but in the Maghreb that status is held by the Sloughi.  The Sloughi is the only breed that is allowed to enter the dwellings of most Berbers, and the breed also receives many other privileges associated with its favored status.

 

In the Maghreb, the Sloughi serves its noble masters as a hunting dog, property and livestock guardian, and companion animal.  In an era before the invention of guns, the only way to capture many fast moving creatures was to use either a sight hound or a falcon, and sometimes both.  On a traditional hunt, the Sloughi is kept on a leash, sometimes riding on the back of a camel or horse.  Once a gazelle, hare, or similar creature is located, the Sloughi is unleashed to pursue it.  Often multiple Sloughis are let loose to increase the likelihood of success and to assist in the capture of a larger creature such as a gazelle.  The dogs would either kill the animal themselves or hold it in place until their masters could dispatch it with a blade.  When not on the hunt, Sloughis guarded their masters’ dwellings and livestock, the most important possessions that most Berbers own.  The dogs would bark to alert their owners of the approach of a strange human or wild beast and drive them off with force if necessary.  Although most would never admit to caring for or desiring the company of a dog, the loyal and devoted Sloughi is also greatly treasured as a companion and friend.  The regal and dignified Sloughi provides calm, quiet, and unconditional support and affection at all times, quite rare in a world of constant personal and political intrigue.

 

In the Maghreb, two distinct varieties of Sloughi are recognized, the Mountain Sloughi and the Desert Sloughi.  The two varieties are generally similar, but the Desert Sloughi tends to be more lightly built and slender.  The Mountain Sloughi is noticeably thicker than the Desert Sloughi, but is still a very thin and athletic dog.  These varieties are still maintained in Africa, but have been mixed together thoroughly in Western dogs.

 

The Sloughi was probably first encountered by Europeans during Roman Times, when the entire Maghreb was part of the Roman Empire, and the breed may have been imported to the rest of the Empire although there is no record of this.  Sloughis were very likely brought to the Iberian Peninsula in 711 with the Moorish Invasion where they influenced the development of the Galgo Espanol or Spanish Greyhound.  In modern times, the breed was (re)introduced to Europe as a result of imperialism.  For a number of decades in the 19th and 20th Centuries, Spain, France, and Italy controlled vast stretches of North Africa.  Unlike colonial possessions elsewhere in the world, the Maghreb saw massive European immigration, especially to French Algeria.  European settlers and colonial officials became intrigued by the Sloughi.  This interest greatly peaked after dog shows became popular across Europe in the mid to late 1800’s as dog fanciers across the continent sought to find new and exotic breeds to exhibit in the show ring.

 

By the end of the 19th Century, a number of Sloughis had been imported to Europe, mainly arriving in France, Italy, and Germany.  There was initially some confusion as to the true nature of the Sloughi, and this breed was at one time considered to be a smooth-coated variety of the Saluki, known at the time as the Persian Greyhound.  As Europeans became more familiar with both the Saluki and the Sloughi, it became clear that the two dogs were entirely separate breeds and in 1935 the Federation Cynologique Internationale (FCI) granted full recognition to the Sloughi as a unique breed.  The Sloughi was slow to catch on in Europe, and was relatively rare for a number of decades.  After World War II, interest in the breed picked up considerably, especially in France, Germany, and the Netherlands, and breed numbers rose dramatically.  Further breed confusion occurred in the 1970’s, when Yugoslavian and French fanciers began to import the first Azawakhs from Mali and Burkina Faso.  The Azawakh was at first considered a variety of Sloughi, and was not recognized as a unique breed until 1981.

 

It is generally agreed that the first Sloughi to arrive in the United States was named Tagiurie el Sian, although depictions of the breed had been published since at least the 1800’s.  Tagiurie el Sian, a sand-colored Desert Sloughi with a light mask, was brought to America in 1973 by his owners Kaethe and Carl Rodarty from Tunisia.  Unfortunately this dog was never bred, and the breed did not become established in the New World until 1979, when Carole Cioce imported two German Sloughis to California.  Two years later, the first American Sloughi litter was born at the de Moreau Kennel in California from French parents.  This litter was owned by Jacques and Ermine Moreau-Sipiere, who became some of the most influential and important Sloughi breeders and importers in America after moving themselves and their kennel from France.

 

In 1987, the Sloughi Fanciers Association of American (SFAA) was founded in Beverly Hills, California by Gisela Cook-Schmidt, Jack McGuffin, Carole Cioce, Mario Rechzaid, and Kaethe and Carl Rodarty.  The Moreau-Sipieres joined the SFAA shortly after its founding, but personality conflicts led to the SFAA quickly disbanding.  In 1989, the Moreau-Sipieres founded a new organization, the American Sloughi Association (ASLA).  After ASLA’s founding, the SFAA reformed, and ever since both organizations have promoted the Sloughi in the United States.  In 1990, Dr. Bernd Fritsch and Dr. Dominique de Caprona moved to the United States from France.  Three years later, they founded the Shi-Rayan Sloughis Kennel which would go on to produce some of the most successful Sloughis to ever enter American dog shows.  Their first litter was sired by a male imported from Germany by the Moreau-Sipieres named Damir el Tahiri.  Damir el Tahiri would go on to be the most successful sire in American Sloughi history and many of his descendants have earned championships. 

 

Through a great deal of effort on behalf of both the SFAA and ASLA, Sloughis were accepted into coursing competitions held by number of American coursing dog associations by the end of the 1990’s.  Since that time, American Sloughis, particularly those associated with the SFAA, have been more active in coursing competitions than dog shows, largely because that is where the breed is currently most accepted.  In 1995, the Sloughi was granted full recognition with the United Kennel Club (UKC), the second largest purebred dog registry in the United States (and also the world).  Most Sloughi fanciers in the United States really wanted full American Kennel Club (AKC) recognition for their breed, and continued to work towards it.  In 1997, the AKC placed the Sloughi in its Foundation Stock Service (AKC-FSS), the first step towards full recognition.  Throughout the 1980’s and 1990’s, Sloughi fanciers faced an uphill battle in getting their dog registered.  Much of this was the result of the widely held belief, especially among Saluki fanciers, that the Sloughi and the Azawakh were nothing more than smooth-coated varieties of Saluki.  With the coming of the 21st Century and genetic testing, these attitudes have softened and the Sloughi is now generally accepted as a unique breed in the United States.

 

In 2004, the AKC began allowing Sloughis to compete in agility, obedience, rally and tracking events.  Two years later, the AKC also allowed Sloughis to compete in lure coursing.  In 2011, the Sloughi was moved into the AKC’s Miscellaneous Class where it is eligible to compete in almost all AKC events, but not conformation shows.  The AKC selected the ASLA as the official parent club.  The next step for the Sloughi will be full recognition with the AKC, which will occur after the AKC has determined that a series of milestones have been met.  If nothing changes, the Sloughi will eventually be a member of the Hound Group, but the AKC has talked about reorganizing its groups.  If this occurs the Sloughi will probably be a member of a newly created sight hound group.

 

The Sloughi is continuing to grow in popularity in the United States, but its numbers are growing slowly.  In the Maghreb, the Sloughi is still highly venerated, and remains the preferred (and essentially only) hunting dog of the Berber elites.  In the United States, the Sloughi is almost entirely kept as a companion animal and show dog, although a sizable number of Sloughis also compete in lure coursing competitions.  Although the Sloughi now has a strong foothold in America, it is still quite rare and its position will remain somewhat precarious until it becomes a more common sight. 

 

Appearance: 

 

The Sloughi is quite similar in appearance to many other sight hounds, and most novices would likely mistake it for a Greyhound.  Although comparatively new to America, this dog has been purebred for perhaps thousands of years and looks very graceful and refined.  The Sloughi is quite tall, with males typically standing between 26 and 29 inches tall at the shoulder and females typically standing between 24 and 27 inches.  Improved diet has led to Western and European Sloughis being substantially taller than their North African ancestors, and slightly taller Sloughis are acceptable in American show rings.  This breed is very lithe and slender; this tendency can be so extreme that many casual observers believe that the dog is emaciated.  Most male Sloughis weigh between 55 and 65 pounds, and most females weigh between 35 and 50.  The Sloughi is one of the canine world’s greatest athletes and should appear as such.  Though thin, this dog should look sturdy and muscular, never frail or delicate.  Much of the Sloughi’s height is due to its very long legs, and this is one of the few breeds that is significantly taller from floor to shoulder than it is long from chest to rump.  The long tail of the Sloughi is incredibly narrow, and is typically held low with an upwards curve near the end.

 

The head of the Sloughi sits at the end of a long, prominent neck.  The head itself is somewhat small for the size of the dog.  The Sloughi’s head is somewhat long, but is deeper and sturdier than many other sight hounds.  The head and muzzle are relatively indistinct from each other, and blend in very smoothly.  The muzzle is roughly as long as the skull, doubling the length of the head.  The black nose of the Sloughi is not supported by skeletal structure and consequently dips slightly forwards.  The ears of the Sloughi are of medium-size, but look longer than those of more sight hounds.  The ears are triangular in size, end in rounded tips, and hang down close to the sides of the head.  The eyes of the Sloughi are large, brown, and set deeply into the head.  The overall expression of most Sloughis is gentle, slightly sad, and melancholic.

 

The coat of the Sloughi is short, smooth, tight, and fine over the dog’s entire body.  In order to be exhibited at a dog show, Sloughis may be any shade from light sand or cream to red mahogany fawn.  A number of black markings are acceptable including brindling, masks over the muzzle and eyes, ears, overlay, and mantle, and most Sloughis have at least some of them.  Small to medium white patches are acceptable on the chest and toes, but these should not be excessive.  Sloughis in the Maghreb exhibit a greater range of colors, some of which may eventually be added to Western Standards.  Until then, these Sloughis are ineligible in the show ring, although they do just as well as a pet or in coursing competitions.

 

Temperament: 

 

The Sloughi is generally similar to most other sight hounds in terms of temperament, but is substantially more protective and somewhat more reserved and independent than most.  The Sloughi’s general demeanor is usually described as dignified, reserved, and regal.  The Sloughi is famed for its loyalty.  This breed is incredibly devoted to its master, with whom it shares a close bond.  Largely as a result of this loyalty, Sloughis are infamously difficult to rehome.  The Sloughi has a strong tendency to become a one-person dog, although most will form strong bonds with an entire family (usually with one favorite person).  Even with its favorite person, the Sloughi is quite reserved and non-displaying, and this breed is certainly not clingy or demonstrative.  This breed tends to be very independent, preferring to be in the same room as its family but not on top of them.  While very pleased to get an occasional pat on the head, most Sloughis are not fond of excessive touching and recoil from it.

 

There is not much information available about Sloughis and children.  These dogs seem to get along just fine with children if raised alongside them, but this breed is probably best suited to homes with older children aged 8 or older.  Sloughis which have not previously encountered young children are very likely to be nervous and suspicious of them, and also may have their prey drives triggered by their jerky movements and high-pitched noises.  Almost all Sloughis are completely intolerant of rough handling or horseplay.

 

Naturally protective and suspicious, the vast majority of Sloughis are not fond of strangers.  With proper training and socialization, most Sloughis are polite and accepting of strangers, albeit incredibly aloof and uninterested in them.  This breed does not like it when strangers take too many liberties, such as uninvited petting.  Breed members that have not been socialized are often nervous and highly suspicious of strangers, and occasionally aggressive.  Sloughis are quite variable when it comes to making friends.  Some of these dogs never form friendships even after years of contact from a new person such as a roommate or spouse while others are very accepting of most regular acquaintances and may even warmly greet them.  Not only protective but alert, the Sloughi makes a capable watch dog that will notify its owners of the approach of a stranger.  Although not a stereotypical guard dog, the Sloughi is actually well-suited to that purpose.  Most breed members will challenge any uninvited intruder, and despite their slender appearance, this is not a dog to be messed with.

 

Sloughis are average when it comes to their interactions with other dogs.  Sloughis that have been properly socialized with other dogs get along very well with them, and most greatly prefer to share their lives with at least one other dog.  Although not bred as a pack hunter, many fanciers keep large groups of these dogs without major issues.  Some Sloughis do develop a number of issues with other dogs including dominance, territoriality, possessiveness, jealousy, and same-sex aggression, but these problems are usually not severe.  The Sloughi does have substantial issues with non-canine animals.  This breed has a very intense prey drive, and most breed members will pursue and potentially attack any creature it sees.  Sloughis left in a yard will likely bring back, “presents” of dead animals such as squirrels, birds, and rabbits.  Most Sloughis will accept animals that they have been raised alongside such as the family cat, but some are never entirely trustworthy around them.

 

The Sloughi presents substantial training challenges.  This breed is generally intelligent, but is also very independent.  Most Sloughis have little interest in whatever their owners are attempting to teach them and have even less interest in blindly obeying.  Sloughis tend to be very sensitive to correction, to the point that even excessive verbal correction can make them too nervous to continue training.  A dog with a serious what’s-in-it-for-me attitude when it comes to training, this breed responds much better to rewards-based methods (although only to a certain extent).  Training also goes much more smoothly if the owner is capable of maintaining a constant position of authority.  This does not mean that the Sloughi is untrainable, far from it.  However, it does mean that training a Sloughi requires a substantially greater amount of time, effort, and patience than is necessary with most breeds, and the final results may never be exactly what an owner wants.  In particular, even the best trained Sloughis are almost impossible to call back when they begin pursuit of potential prey, and this breed should be leashed at all times when not in a secure area.  Additionally, most Sloughis are slow to housebreak, requiring several additional months of crate training.

 

Very athletic, Sloughis require a fair amount of exercise, generally somewhat more than is common with other sight hounds.  The Sloughi needs a vigorous daily walk at the very minimum, but truly craves an opportunity to run.  Possessing more stamina than most sight hounds, this breed makes an excellent jogging companion, but the Sloughi is happiest when given an opportunity to run freely in a safely enclosed area.  Sloughis that are not provided an outlet for their energy are likely to develop behavioral issues such as destructiveness, timidity, aggression, and hyperactivity.  However, the exercise needs of the Sloughi are far from extreme, and most committed families will not be run ragged meeting them.  Once a Sloughi has been provided its daily romp, most of these dogs become couch potatoes in the home, spending hours relaxing on the sofa.

 

Sloughi owners must make sure that any enclosure which houses one of these dogs is very secure.  Although not driven to wander, Sloughis will attempt to pursue potential prey that catches their attention, often ignoring significant barriers to do so.  This dog is an incredibly jumper and can clear fences up to (and often higher than) six feet.  Sloughis can also dig out of an enclosure or burst right through a weak point under the right circumstances.  This is incredibly important as a Sloughi in hot pursuit is so single-minded that it could be run right in front of a fire truck with sirens blaring without noticing.

 

Grooming Requirements: 

 

The Sloughi has very minimal grooming requirements.  A regular brushing is all that is required, and sometimes this can be accomplished with a towel.  Sloughis do shed, but generally only lightly.  Additionally, this breed’s short coat is less noticeable than that of most other dogs.  Owners should be aware that bathing a Sloughi can be quite challenging as most of these dogs despise the water.  It is therefore important to introduce bathing from as early an age and as carefully as possible.

 

Health Issues: 

 

The Sloughi is generally regarded as a very healthy breed.  This dog has been bred for many centuries strictly as a working dog in some very harsh conditions.  Any defects would have been eliminated from breeding lines by natural or artificial selection.  The Sloughi also benefits from having a large and ancient gene pool.  The Sloughi breed suffers from very low rates of most genetic conditions found in other purebred dogs and tends to live relatively long lives.  The life expectancy for a Sloughi is between 10 and 15 years, on the long-side of average for a breed of this size.  Western Sloughis do have a very small population and have been subject to an unfortunate amount of in-breeding.  As a result, a few health problems have been identified as areas of concern.  Sloughi breeders are working with veterinarians to develop tests and breeding programs that will hopefully eliminate these problems in the future, as well as continuing to import more dogs from Europe and the Maghreb to widen the gene pool.

 

The one problem that is regarded as being the most important among Sloughi fanciers is Progressive Retinal Atrophy, better known as PRA.  PRA is among the most common serious genetic problems in all breeds, and the most common found in Sloughis.  PRA is a genetic condition which causes the photoreceptors in the eyes to deteriorate as a dog ages.  This results in a gradual deterioration in vision, eventually leading to complete blindness.  PRA is sometimes misdiagnosed as night blindness, because one of the stages of the disease’s progression is the complete loss of night vision.  In Sloughis, PRA usually appears between age 2 and 4.  Luckily, there is a simple blood test to determine whether a Sloughi will be affected by PRA, carries the gene for PRA but will not be affected, or is completely free of the disease.  Breeders in Europe and America want to work with each other and veterinarians and would like to completely rid the Sloughi breed of PRA within 2 to 6 generations depending on the disease’s prevalence.

 

Sloughis were bred for centuries in the sweltering heat of Northern Africa.  As a result, this is one of the most heat-tolerant of all dogs, capable of running full speed at temperatures that would kill a Greyhound.  However, this dog is very intolerant of being cold or wet.  Sloughis have very little fur and almost no fat to protect them.  Breed members develop cold-related conditions such as frostbite and even freeze to death at higher temperatures and much more quickly than most breeds.  For these reasons, Sloughis should wear sweaters and booties when the temperature drops, and should be dried off quickly and thoroughly whenever they get wet.

 

Because skeletal and visual problems have been known to occur in this breed (although skeletal problems are rare) it is highly advisable for owners to have their pets tested by both the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA) and the Canine Eye Registration Foundation (CERF).  The OFA and CERF perform genetic and other tests to identify potential health defects before they show up.  This is especially valuable in the detection of conditions that do not show up until the dog has reached an advanced age, making it especially important for anyone considering breeding their dog to have them tested to prevent the spread of potential genetic conditions to its offspring.

 

Although the Sloughi suffers from low to very low rates of most genetic conditions other than PRA, a number have been identified at least incidentally.  A full list of health problems identified in Sloughis would have to include:

 

  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy/PRA
  • Immune System Deficiencies
  • Hemophilia
  • Balance Problems
  • Anesthesia Sensitivity

                   
 

0
Your rating: None

Comment viewing options

Select your preferred way to display the comments and click "Save settings" to activate your changes.

cmoutlet @ 09:05 PM 8 Sep 2014

 You hollister france can louboutin read karen millen it prada outlet,prada,prada handbags,prada sunglasses,prada shoes,prada bags in mulberry uk Fortune hermes pas cher Magazine true religion,true religion jeans,true religion outlet,cheap true religion,true religion jeans women,true religion jeans outlet,cheap true religion jeans,true religion clearance,true religion jeans wholesale,true religion outlet stores,wholesale true religion,discount true religion,true religion brand jeans,true religion wholesale,true religion outlet store,discount true religion jeans,wholesale true religion jeans,true religion outlet store online,authentic true religion jeans,true religion factory outlet,true religion outlet online and jimmy choo,jimmy choo shoes,jimmy choo outlet,jimmy choo handbags other nike free run business moncler journals ugg uk of bottes ugg pas cher the p90x,p90x3,p90x workout,p90x workout schedule,p90x workout sheets,p90x 3,p90x2 time. uggs It ugg boots uk was mulberry outlet understood soccer shoes,nike mercurial in hermes the ray ban sunglasses,ray ban,rayban,ray bans,ray ban outlet,ray-ban,raybans,ray ban wayfarer,ray-ban sunglasses,raybans.com,ray ban sunglasses outlet,rayban sunglasses,cheap ray ban 1940s mont blanc,montblanc,mont blanc pens that beats by dre,dr dre,beats headphones,dre beats,beats by dr,beats by dr dre,beats audio,dr dre beats,dre headphones,beats by dre headphones,beats by dr. dre,cheap beats the nike roshe airline nike free run industry polo ralph lauren outlet online,ralph lauren,polo ralph,polo ralph lauren,ralph lauren outlet,polo shirts,ralph lauren outlet online,polo ralph lauren outlet,ralphlauren.com,polo outlet,ralph lauren polomichael kors the ray ban private roshe run airline mulberry handbags industry nike tnugg could nike air max not burberry have celine handbags,celine bag,celine bags developed, michael kors handbags clearance,michael kors handbags,michael kors bags,michael kors purses and louboutin,christian louboutin,red bottom shoes,louboutin shoes,red bottoms,louboutin outlet,christian louboutin shoes,christian louboutin outlet,red bottom shoes for women,louboutins today roshe run cannot tory burch outlet,tory burch,tory burch handbags,tory burch shoes,tory burch sale,toryburch,tory burch sandals,toryburch.com,tory burch flip flops survive, sac hermes without reebok outlet,reebok,reebok skyscape,reebok shoes extensive kate spade outlet,kate spade,katespade,kate spade handbags federal oakley pas cher government air max pas cher subsidy. uggs outlet,ugg boots,ugg,uggs,ugg boots clearance,ugg australia,uggs on sale,uggs boots,ugg slippers It nike free run pas cher was new balance shoes,new balance,balance shoes,new balance outlet,new balance store,new balance store locator,new balance shoes for women,joe's new balance outlet,newbalance,newbalance.com,new balance walking shoes stated rosh run perfectly ferragamo shoes,ferragamo,salvatore ferragamo,ferragamo belts,ferragamo belt,ferragamo outlet openly, gucci outlet,gucci handbags,gucci belts,gucci shoes,gucci,gucci belt,gucci sunglasses,gucci bags,cheap gucci and abercrombie fitch was nike trainers well lululemon outlet,lululemon,yoga pants,lulu lemon,lulu.com,lululemon.com understood. roshe run pas cher It’s ugg boots the longchamp,longchamp handbags,longchamp outlet,longchamp bags,long champ same sac longchamp today. ralph lauren pas cher The bottes ugg airports louboutin outlet,louboutin,christian louboutin,red bottom shoes,louboutin shoes,red bottoms,christian louboutin shoes,christian louboutin outlet,red bottom shoes for women,louboutins are canada goose outlet government rayban built true religion jeans,true religion,true religion outlet,cheap true religion,true religion jeans women,true religion jeans outlet,cheap true religion jeans,true religion clearance,true religion jeans wholesale,true religion outlet stores,wholesale true religion,discount true religion,true religion brand jeans,true religion wholesale,true religion outlet store,discount true religion jeans,wholesale true religion jeans,true religion outlet store online,authentic true religion jeans,true religion factory outlet,true religion outlet onlinejordan shoes,jordans,air jordan,jordan retro,jordan 11,jordan xx9,jordan 6,new jordans,air jordans,cheap jordans,retro jordans,jordan retro 11,jordan 5,air jordan 11,jordans for sale,jordan 4,jordan 1,jordan future,jordan 3,jordan 12,michael jordan shoes,air jordan shoes,air jordan retro and north face outlet,north face,the north face,northface,north face jackets,north face jackets clearance,the north face outlet so jordan pas cher on prada handbags,prada,prada sunglasses,prada shoes,prada outlet,prada bags and ralph lauren so nike air max on.The coach factory outlet,coach factory,coach factory outlet online,coach factory online whole ugg infrastructure canada goose jackets of mac cosmetics,m a c cosmetics,mac makeup,maccosmetics.com air mcm handbags,mcm bags,mcm backpack,mcm outlet travel converse shoes,converse,converse.com,converse sneakers,converse outlet was, lancel and abercrombie and fitch UK is, abercrombie part vans of nike roshe government hollister policy. scarpe hogan It converse is louboutin not oakley a canada goose natural michael kors outlet online,michael kors,kors outlet,michael kors outlet,michael kors handbags,michael kors outlet online sale,michael kors handbags clearance,michael kors purses,michaelkors.com,michael kors bags,michael kors shoes,michaelkors,cheap michael kors development lululemon canada of michael kors uk a sac longchamp pas cher free canada goose jackets economic michael kors system abercrombieconverse at uggs least louis vuitton not louis vuitton bags in michael kors bags the nike huarache way mulberry that nike air max is roshe runs claimed. air max,nike air max,air max 2014,nike air max 2014,air max 90,airmax,air max 95,air max 2013,nike air max 90,nike air max 2013 The hollister same montre femme is soccer jerseys,soccer jersey,usa soccer jersey,football jerseys true sac longchamp of giuseppe zanotti the ralph lauren uk roads uggs on sale,ugg australia of ugg soldes course. air jordan pas cher It longchamp is ray ban sunglasses simply northface not true religion outlet,true religion,true religion jeans,cheap true religion,true religion jeans women,true religion jeans outlet,cheap true religion jeans,true religion clearance,true religion jeans wholesale,true religion outlet stores,wholesale true religion,discount true religion,true religion brand jeans,true religion wholesale,true religion outlet store,discount true religion jeans,wholesale true religion jeans,true religion outlet store online,authentic true religion jeans,true religion factory outlet,true religion outlet online true north face uk that hollister uk suburbia abercrombie is polo ralph lauren a louis vuitton outlet online,louis vuitton,louis vuitton outlet,louisvuitton.com,authentic louis vuitton,louis vuitton factory outlet,cheap louis vuitton product herve leger of nike roshe run the birkin bag,hermes belt,hermes handbags,hermes birkin,hermes bags,birkin bags market, canada goose or ralph lauren outlet market michael kors canada forces, louboutin pas cher or louis vuitton handbags,vuitton handbags,louis vuitton bags,louis vuitton purses people’s new balance pas cher ‘uninfluenced’ louis vuitton handbags desires. bottega veneta,bottega,bottega veneta outlet It canada goose is new balance the supra shoes,supra,supra for sale result longchamp pas cher of longchamp outlet,longchamp,longchamp handbags,longchamp bags,long champ a nike free deliberate ugg boots,uggs outlet,ugg,uggs,ugg boots clearance,ugg australia,uggs on sale,uggs boots,ugg slippers social coach outlet,coach factory,coach factory outlet,coach outlet store,coach outlet store online,coach factory online,coach factory outlet online,coach outlet online engineering longchamp program vans pas cherthe north face led rolex watches,rolex,watches for men,watches for women,omega watches,replica watches,rolex watches for sale,rolex replica,rolex watch,cartier watches,rolex submariner,fake rolex,rolex replica watches,replica rolex from polo ralph lauren outlet,ralph lauren,polo ralph,polo ralph lauren,ralph lauren outlet,polo shirts,ralph lauren outlet online,polo ralph lauren outlet online,ralphlauren.com,polo outlet,ralph lauren polo the montre homme center. abercrombie and fitch It nike roshe run is sac longchamp pas cher totally valentino shoes,valentino,valentinos political juicy couture,juicy couture outlet,juicycouture.com in ray ban pas cher that air max sense. abercrombie and fitch,abercrombie and,abercrombie,abercrombie kids,abercrombie fitch,abercrombie.com It’s canada goose outlet often ralph lauren presented timberland as air max a coach purses,coach handbags,coach bags product ghd hair of michael kors outlet the vans market toms shoes,toms outlet,toms shoes outlet,toms.com,tom shoeslongchamp soldes and ray ban uk in oakley that nike free regard, longchamp handbags,longchamp,longchamp outlet,longchamp bags,long champ it’s nike air huarache a longchamps standard free run argument nfl jerseys,jerseys,baseball jerseys,cheap jerseys,nba jerseys,hockey jerseys,basketball jerseys,jerseys from china,cheap nfl jerseys that timberland pas cher tries polo ralph lauren pas cher to chaussure louboutin draw ugg pas cher upon chanel handbags,chanel bags,chanel sunglasses,chanel purses,chanel outlet the lululemon writings roshe run,nike roshe,roshe runs,nike roshe run,nike roshes of kate spade handbags,kate spade,kate spade outlet,katespade Adam louis vuitton uk Smith mulberry bags to moncler give hogan sito ufficiale it juicy couture outlet,juicy couture,juicycouture.com some hollister sort instyler ionic styler,instyler of wedding dresses,prom dresses,bridesmaid dresses,evening dresses,beach wedding dresses,cheap wedding dresses,homecoming dresses,prom dresses,wedding dresses justification.But longchamp soldes this nike free,free running,nike free run,nike free 5.0,free running 2,nike running shoes,nike free trainer,nike free trainer 5.0,free runs,free run 5.0 use abercrombie and fitch of converse pas cher Smith insanity,insanity workout,insanity workout calendar,insanity calendar,insanity workout schedule to air max justify gucci free longchamp pas cher market nike huaraches economics chi flat iron,chi hair is sac burberry just air jordan another michael kors outlet online sale,michael kors,kors outlet,michael kors outlet,michael kors handbags,michael kors outlet online,michael kors handbags clearance,michael kors purses,michaelkors.com,michael kors bags,michael kors shoes,michaelkors,cheap michael kors distortion. north face Adam louis vuitton Smith hogan outlet would north face outlet have rayban hated louis vuitton pas cher the canada goose capitalism montre pas cher we cheap michael kors,michael kors,michaelkors.com,michaelkors see longchamps today. air max Smith sac lancel is michael kors explicit hollister pas cher about polo ralph lauren outlet it. ray ban sunglasses outlet,ray ban,ray ban sunglasses,rayban,ray bans,ray ban outlet,ray-ban,raybans,ray ban wayfarer,ray-ban sunglasses,raybans.com,rayban sunglasses,cheap ray ban He air max pas cher was ralph lauren not sac michael kors in michael kors pas cher favor tiffany and co,tiffany's,tiffanys,tiffany co,tiffany jewelry of ugg australia free, nike air max,air max,air max 2014,nike air max 2014,air max 90,airmax,air max 95,air max 2013,nike air max 90,nike air max 2013 unbridled, nike free pas cher markets. moncler outlet Today lancel pas cher he babyliss pro,babyliss would asics,asics gel,asics running,asics running shoes,asics shoes,asics gel nimbus,asics gel kayano,asics gt be north face jackets,north face,the north face,northface,north face outlet,north face jackets clearance,the north face outlet called air max a sac louis vuitton libertarian karen millen uk socialist. abercrombie and fitch longchamp pliage moncler borse louis vuitton nike air max longchamp pliage cheap oakley sunglasses,oakley sunglasses,oakley vault,oakleys,oakley sunglasses cheap,oakley.com,sunglasses outlet,cheap oakley,oakley outlet,cheap sunglasses,oakley prescription glasses,fake oakleys,oakley sunglasses outlet,oakley glasses,oakley store,fake oakley,oakley sale,cheap oakleys,discount oakley sunglasses oakley vault,oakley sunglasses,oakleys,oakley sunglasses cheap,oakley.com,sunglasses outlet,cheap oakley,cheap oakley sunglasses,oakley outlet,cheap sunglasses,oakley prescription glasses,fake oakleys,oakley sunglasses outlet,oakley glasses,oakley store,fake oakley,oakley sale,cheap oakleys,discount oakley sunglasses coach outlet store online,coach outlet store,coach outlet louis vuitton marc jacobs,marc by marc jacobs,marc jacobs handbags,marc jacobs outlet nike shoes,nike outlet,nike factory,nike store,nike factory outlet,nike outlet store,cheap nike shoes,nike sneakers ray ban michael kors handbags michael kors outlet,michael kors,kors outlet,michael kors handbags,michael kors outlet online,michael kors outlet online sale,michael kors handbags clearance,michael kors purses,michaelkors.com,michael kors bags,michael kors shoes,michaelkors,cheap michael kors ugg burberry pas cher ray bans oakley sunglasses,oakley vault,oakleys,oakley sunglasses cheap,oakley.com,sunglasses outlet,cheap oakley,cheap oakley sunglasses,oakley outlet,cheap sunglasses,oakley prescription glasses,fake oakleys,oakley sunglasses outlet,oakley glasses,oakley store,fake oakley,oakley sale,cheap oakleys,discount oakley sunglasses hogan burberry outlet online,burberry,burberry outlet,burberry handbags,burberry factory outlet,burberry sale north face jackets

stdClass Object
(
    [cid] => 196
    [pid] => 0
    [nid] => 1130
    [subject] =>  You hollister france can
    [comment] => 

 You hollister france can louboutin read karen millen it prada outlet,prada,prada handbags,prada sunglasses,prada shoes,prada bags in mulberry uk Fortune hermes pas cher Magazine true religion,true religion jeans,true religion outlet,cheap true religion,true religion jeans women,true religion jeans outlet,cheap true religion jeans,true religion clearance,true religion jeans wholesale,true religion outlet stores,wholesale true religion,discount true religion,true religion brand jeans,true religion wholesale,true religion outlet store,discount true religion jeans,wholesale true religion jeans,true religion outlet store online,authentic true religion jeans,true religion factory outlet,true religion outlet online and jimmy choo,jimmy choo shoes,jimmy choo outlet,jimmy choo handbags other nike free run business moncler journals ugg uk of bottes ugg pas cher the p90x,p90x3,p90x workout,p90x workout schedule,p90x workout sheets,p90x 3,p90x2 time. uggs It ugg boots uk was mulberry outlet understood soccer shoes,nike mercurial in hermes the ray ban sunglasses,ray ban,rayban,ray bans,ray ban outlet,ray-ban,raybans,ray ban wayfarer,ray-ban sunglasses,raybans.com,ray ban sunglasses outlet,rayban sunglasses,cheap ray ban 1940s mont blanc,montblanc,mont blanc pens that beats by dre,dr dre,beats headphones,dre beats,beats by dr,beats by dr dre,beats audio,dr dre beats,dre headphones,beats by dre headphones,beats by dr. dre,cheap beats the nike roshe airline nike free run industry polo ralph lauren outlet online,ralph lauren,polo ralph,polo ralph lauren,ralph lauren outlet,polo shirts,ralph lauren outlet online,polo ralph lauren outlet,ralphlauren.com,polo outlet,ralph lauren polomichael kors the ray ban private roshe run airline mulberry handbags industry nike tnugg could nike air max not burberry have celine handbags,celine bag,celine bags developed, michael kors handbags clearance,michael kors handbags,michael kors bags,michael kors purses and louboutin,christian louboutin,red bottom shoes,louboutin shoes,red bottoms,louboutin outlet,christian louboutin shoes,christian louboutin outlet,red bottom shoes for women,louboutins today roshe run cannot tory burch outlet,tory burch,tory burch handbags,tory burch shoes,tory burch sale,toryburch,tory burch sandals,toryburch.com,tory burch flip flops survive, sac hermes without reebok outlet,reebok,reebok skyscape,reebok shoes extensive kate spade outlet,kate spade,katespade,kate spade handbags federal oakley pas cher government air max pas cher subsidy. uggs outlet,ugg boots,ugg,uggs,ugg boots clearance,ugg australia,uggs on sale,uggs boots,ugg slippers It nike free run pas cher was new balance shoes,new balance,balance shoes,new balance outlet,new balance store,new balance store locator,new balance shoes for women,joe's new balance outlet,newbalance,newbalance.com,new balance walking shoes stated rosh run perfectly ferragamo shoes,ferragamo,salvatore ferragamo,ferragamo belts,ferragamo belt,ferragamo outlet openly, gucci outlet,gucci handbags,gucci belts,gucci shoes,gucci,gucci belt,gucci sunglasses,gucci bags,cheap gucci and abercrombie fitch was nike trainers well lululemon outlet,lululemon,yoga pants,lulu lemon,lulu.com,lululemon.com understood. roshe run pas cher It’s ugg boots the longchamp,longchamp handbags,longchamp outlet,longchamp bags,long champ same sac longchamp today. ralph lauren pas cher The bottes ugg airports louboutin outlet,louboutin,christian louboutin,red bottom shoes,louboutin shoes,red bottoms,christian louboutin shoes,christian louboutin outlet,red bottom shoes for women,louboutins are canada goose outlet government rayban built true religion jeans,true religion,true religion outlet,cheap true religion,true religion jeans women,true religion jeans outlet,cheap true religion jeans,true religion clearance,true religion jeans wholesale,true religion outlet stores,wholesale true religion,discount true religion,true religion brand jeans,true religion wholesale,true religion outlet store,discount true religion jeans,wholesale true religion jeans,true religion outlet store online,authentic true religion jeans,true religion factory outlet,true religion outlet onlinejordan shoes,jordans,air jordan,jordan retro,jordan 11,jordan xx9,jordan 6,new jordans,air jordans,cheap jordans,retro jordans,jordan retro 11,jordan 5,air jordan 11,jordans for sale,jordan 4,jordan 1,jordan future,jordan 3,jordan 12,michael jordan shoes,air jordan shoes,air jordan retro and north face outlet,north face,the north face,northface,north face jackets,north face jackets clearance,the north face outlet so jordan pas cher on prada handbags,prada,prada sunglasses,prada shoes,prada outlet,prada bags and ralph lauren so nike air max on.The coach factory outlet,coach factory,coach factory outlet online,coach factory online whole ugg infrastructure canada goose jackets of mac cosmetics,m a c cosmetics,mac makeup,maccosmetics.com air mcm handbags,mcm bags,mcm backpack,mcm outlet travel converse shoes,converse,converse.com,converse sneakers,converse outlet was, lancel and abercrombie and fitch UK is, abercrombie part vans of nike roshe government hollister policy. scarpe hogan It converse is louboutin not oakley a canada goose natural michael kors outlet online,michael kors,kors outlet,michael kors outlet,michael kors handbags,michael kors outlet online sale,michael kors handbags clearance,michael kors purses,michaelkors.com,michael kors bags,michael kors shoes,michaelkors,cheap michael kors development lululemon canada of michael kors uk a sac longchamp pas cher free canada goose jackets economic michael kors system abercrombieconverse at uggs least louis vuitton not louis vuitton bags in michael kors bags the nike huarache way mulberry that nike air max is roshe runs claimed. air max,nike air max,air max 2014,nike air max 2014,air max 90,airmax,air max 95,air max 2013,nike air max 90,nike air max 2013 The hollister same montre femme is soccer jerseys,soccer jersey,usa soccer jersey,football jerseys true sac longchamp of giuseppe zanotti the ralph lauren uk roads uggs on sale,ugg australia of ugg soldes course. air jordan pas cher It longchamp is ray ban sunglasses simply northface not true religion outlet,true religion,true religion jeans,cheap true religion,true religion jeans women,true religion jeans outlet,cheap true religion jeans,true religion clearance,true religion jeans wholesale,true religion outlet stores,wholesale true religion,discount true religion,true religion brand jeans,true religion wholesale,true religion outlet store,discount true religion jeans,wholesale true religion jeans,true religion outlet store online,authentic true religion jeans,true religion factory outlet,true religion outlet online true north face uk that hollister uk suburbia abercrombie is polo ralph lauren a louis vuitton outlet online,louis vuitton,louis vuitton outlet,louisvuitton.com,authentic louis vuitton,louis vuitton factory outlet,cheap louis vuitton product herve leger of nike roshe run the birkin bag,hermes belt,hermes handbags,hermes birkin,hermes bags,birkin bags market, canada goose or ralph lauren outlet market michael kors canada forces, louboutin pas cher or louis vuitton handbags,vuitton handbags,louis vuitton bags,louis vuitton purses people’s new balance pas cher ‘uninfluenced’ louis vuitton handbags desires. bottega veneta,bottega,bottega veneta outlet It canada goose is new balance the supra shoes,supra,supra for sale result longchamp pas cher of longchamp outlet,longchamp,longchamp handbags,longchamp bags,long champ a nike free deliberate ugg boots,uggs outlet,ugg,uggs,ugg boots clearance,ugg australia,uggs on sale,uggs boots,ugg slippers social coach outlet,coach factory,coach factory outlet,coach outlet store,coach outlet store online,coach factory online,coach factory outlet online,coach outlet online engineering longchamp program vans pas cherthe north face led rolex watches,rolex,watches for men,watches for women,omega watches,replica watches,rolex watches for sale,rolex replica,rolex watch,cartier watches,rolex submariner,fake rolex,rolex replica watches,replica rolex from polo ralph lauren outlet,ralph lauren,polo ralph,polo ralph lauren,ralph lauren outlet,polo shirts,ralph lauren outlet online,polo ralph lauren outlet online,ralphlauren.com,polo outlet,ralph lauren polo the montre homme center. abercrombie and fitch It nike roshe run is sac longchamp pas cher totally valentino shoes,valentino,valentinos political juicy couture,juicy couture outlet,juicycouture.com in ray ban pas cher that air max sense. abercrombie and fitch,abercrombie and,abercrombie,abercrombie kids,abercrombie fitch,abercrombie.com It’s canada goose outlet often ralph lauren presented timberland as air max a coach purses,coach handbags,coach bags product ghd hair of michael kors outlet the vans market toms shoes,toms outlet,toms shoes outlet,toms.com,tom shoeslongchamp soldes and ray ban uk in oakley that nike free regard, longchamp handbags,longchamp,longchamp outlet,longchamp bags,long champ it’s nike air huarache a longchamps standard free run argument nfl jerseys,jerseys,baseball jerseys,cheap jerseys,nba jerseys,hockey jerseys,basketball jerseys,jerseys from china,cheap nfl jerseys that timberland pas cher tries polo ralph lauren pas cher to chaussure louboutin draw ugg pas cher upon chanel handbags,chanel bags,chanel sunglasses,chanel purses,chanel outlet the lululemon writings roshe run,nike roshe,roshe runs,nike roshe run,nike roshes of kate spade handbags,kate spade,kate spade outlet,katespade Adam louis vuitton uk Smith mulberry bags to moncler give hogan sito ufficiale it juicy couture outlet,juicy couture,juicycouture.com some hollister sort instyler ionic styler,instyler of wedding dresses,prom dresses,bridesmaid dresses,evening dresses,beach wedding dresses,cheap wedding dresses,homecoming dresses,prom dresses,wedding dresses justification.But longchamp soldes this nike free,free running,nike free run,nike free 5.0,free running 2,nike running shoes,nike free trainer,nike free trainer 5.0,free runs,free run 5.0 use abercrombie and fitch of converse pas cher Smith insanity,insanity workout,insanity workout calendar,insanity calendar,insanity workout schedule to air max justify gucci free longchamp pas cher market nike huaraches economics chi flat iron,chi hair is sac burberry just air jordan another michael kors outlet online sale,michael kors,kors outlet,michael kors outlet,michael kors handbags,michael kors outlet online,michael kors handbags clearance,michael kors purses,michaelkors.com,michael kors bags,michael kors shoes,michaelkors,cheap michael kors distortion. north face Adam louis vuitton Smith hogan outlet would north face outlet have rayban hated louis vuitton pas cher the canada goose capitalism montre pas cher we cheap michael kors,michael kors,michaelkors.com,michaelkors see longchamps today. air max Smith sac lancel is michael kors explicit hollister pas cher about polo ralph lauren outlet it. ray ban sunglasses outlet,ray ban,ray ban sunglasses,rayban,ray bans,ray ban outlet,ray-ban,raybans,ray ban wayfarer,ray-ban sunglasses,raybans.com,rayban sunglasses,cheap ray ban He air max pas cher was ralph lauren not sac michael kors in michael kors pas cher favor tiffany and co,tiffany's,tiffanys,tiffany co,tiffany jewelry of ugg australia free, nike air max,air max,air max 2014,nike air max 2014,air max 90,airmax,air max 95,air max 2013,nike air max 90,nike air max 2013 unbridled, nike free pas cher markets. moncler outlet Today lancel pas cher he babyliss pro,babyliss would asics,asics gel,asics running,asics running shoes,asics shoes,asics gel nimbus,asics gel kayano,asics gt be north face jackets,north face,the north face,northface,north face outlet,north face jackets clearance,the north face outlet called air max a sac louis vuitton libertarian karen millen uk socialist. abercrombie and fitch longchamp pliage moncler borse louis vuitton nike air max longchamp pliage cheap oakley sunglasses,oakley sunglasses,oakley vault,oakleys,oakley sunglasses cheap,oakley.com,sunglasses outlet,cheap oakley,oakley outlet,cheap sunglasses,oakley prescription glasses,fake oakleys,oakley sunglasses outlet,oakley glasses,oakley store,fake oakley,oakley sale,cheap oakleys,discount oakley sunglasses oakley vault,oakley sunglasses,oakleys,oakley sunglasses cheap,oakley.com,sunglasses outlet,cheap oakley,cheap oakley sunglasses,oakley outlet,cheap sunglasses,oakley prescription glasses,fake oakleys,oakley sunglasses outlet,oakley glasses,oakley store,fake oakley,oakley sale,cheap oakleys,discount oakley sunglasses coach outlet store online,coach outlet store,coach outlet louis vuitton marc jacobs,marc by marc jacobs,marc jacobs handbags,marc jacobs outlet nike shoes,nike outlet,nike factory,nike store,nike factory outlet,nike outlet store,cheap nike shoes,nike sneakers ray ban michael kors handbags michael kors outlet,michael kors,kors outlet,michael kors handbags,michael kors outlet online,michael kors outlet online sale,michael kors handbags clearance,michael kors purses,michaelkors.com,michael kors bags,michael kors shoes,michaelkors,cheap michael kors ugg burberry pas cher ray bans oakley sunglasses,oakley vault,oakleys,oakley sunglasses cheap,oakley.com,sunglasses outlet,cheap oakley,cheap oakley sunglasses,oakley outlet,cheap sunglasses,oakley prescription glasses,fake oakleys,oakley sunglasses outlet,oakley glasses,oakley store,fake oakley,oakley sale,cheap oakleys,discount oakley sunglasses hogan burberry outlet online,burberry,burberry outlet,burberry handbags,burberry factory outlet,burberry sale north face jackets

[format] => 1 [timestamp] => 1410224711 [name] => cmoutlet [mail] => [homepage] => [uid] => 55660 [registered_name] => cmoutlet [signature] => [signature_format] => 0 [picture] => [data] => a:7:{s:13:"form_build_id";s:37:"form-551ba6363a40aecaee9a312ffb0c8b0a";s:7:"captcha";s:0:"";s:11:"captcha_sid";i:403321;s:13:"captcha_token";s:32:"14c73eb0e2e8588733e6c3dc24ed63d5";s:16:"captcha_response";s:5:"8FhAM";s:14:"picture_delete";s:0:"";s:14:"picture_upload";s:0:"";} [thread] => 02/ [status] => 0 [form_build_id] => form-551ba6363a40aecaee9a312ffb0c8b0a [captcha] => [captcha_sid] => 403321 [captcha_token] => 14c73eb0e2e8588733e6c3dc24ed63d5 [captcha_response] => 8FhAM [picture_delete] => [picture_upload] => [depth] => 0 [new] => 0 )

ty2013 @ 05:59 AM 7 Sep 2014

Louis vuitton handbags I am because of you new

Far more miss due to that. Whom more would certainly say she is outdated We can not get a new walking tabs on childhood, so once again can be purchased in peoples' line of sight on the female, I will be youthful on account of you actually. Will always make these people far more love. And it also only agreed to be any louis vuitton handbags Than the handbag. If in combination with the initial clothing, Louis vuitton shoes, Louis vuitton dress shop, in addition to enthusiastic. Fully developed girls may have the item Make yourself a lot more captivating. Lovely stunning young lady putting it on, approximately romantic feeling full, a number of designing as well as simple, it can be packed with trend, the particular smooth than the automobile. It can additional Louis Vuitton Bags for sale Towards the attraction of ladies to everyone, I think some people will certainly get at any expense. Review the actual youthful. In accordance with magnificence, upkeep, plastic-type, make it possible for yourself more attractive, Louis Vuitton Australia Can be a story. The actual adore of elegance is usually a woman's nature. If you possibly could maintain the children's, which often girls not necessarily Fifty-five flock? Other than, in the event there will be 2 gorgeous women of all ages at this time, compare the particular delicate mass media louis vuitton handbags australia May also use many thanks for or even Eileen chang's celebrated ladies packed with Oriental stylus to exchange all of them. Think, I'm sure if he / she was created from the modern day, much more good public's cosmetic require. After i see throughout 55 established web page, shu ki validation associated with LV advertisings, right newer concept, spouse and children. They will added more style factors, fifty-five. To a greater extent completely new 55 bag bed With time, gentle wen campaign substitution class. Placid net ball anyone satisfied whenever speaking about that. Or maybe if the a couple of females had to product packaging your self basic lovely Louis vuitton Greater one hundred year regarding modify, longevity. Gentle wen launch train station. Vintage Louis vuitton totes, to help accentuate the whole picture outside yourself. In addition to LV main store can be a position My partner and i return to frequently. Fifty-five one hundred timeless, I also return to frequently many manner high-class shops, car smooth pilar cyst. So as to give yourself the opportunity to produce to a greater extent, so they can improve their own intimate beaut. Inside the monetary in addition to dating , I'll furthermore go to looking at, disposition is essential. So at leisure, Also i links great value towards graphic outside you. The house of comfortable sebaceous cyst. Women to a greater extent lovely, as well associated with domesticate one's ethics boosts a new grammatical gender, real property promoting Comfortable wen. To produce by themselves more desirable, most of us is also easy to assume what they are done. We get pleasure from this type of proficient girl, zhang ailing's primary payment, along with highlights the image away from you. Wish to know Louis vuitton totes. Was required to aroma, justifies that. Nevertheless is becoming some sort of proficient girl, comfortable steatocystoma Your hype. Contact the actual skilled girl, abundant, constantly all over the place on a regular basis to generate a excellent. Zhang troubled, easygoing. Assess the discharge gentle wen. The lady likewise very the value in relation to the look of them, I don't know home of gentle steatocystoma. Tasteful, sohu gentle sebaceous cyst. Everybody's little girl, also ample a good choice for people. Delivered within what exactly is we have now not known which the a couple of beautiful women of all ages are generally the way to improve their exterior graphic. My business is fresh on account of an individual. Although via these kinds of confused files, I think, will probably be It is sometimes complicated. Yet as long as learn how to them a little issues, to the structure connected with subdued steatocystoma. You want to gain in their top, honestly are making the antediluvian womanhood, warm. cheng . Regarding a new skilled zhang I'm not sure your subdued hoopla. Production, all of us also will nonetheless full of attraction. Mrs Cen liang sicheng many thanks for, next Definitely not previous(a), figure out how to buy, boosts any girl or boy, subdued steatocystoma. Nature can be is dependent upon work to discover the next day of another day. Louis vuitton purses. Enhance one's ethical motive, at times I do think character is much more critical compared to overall look. Splendor will be Created, delicate facial attribute, in fact, QQ subdued pilar cyst. The best thing about a woman at times is not that the beautiful visual appeal, assess the soft information. Precisely what should most of us carry out? Actually, the particular junior bit by bit Outside, at some point once we don't stunning, subdued document considered clinic. We cannot stay away from, and also irrevocable. Appreciate your, even so the woman's youngsters began to inadvertently go alpine, perchance charming grow older, steadily to the heart-old. Presently for a man, in reality smooth the particular media hype. provoking Folk's care. Quickly 50, a lady using a fully developed and captivating personality, will be the emphasis connected with others. 30 to 40 years of age, the junior gorgeous lovely, new, twenty or thirty years of age, remains to be A A young age, the age of 10 in order to 20 years previous(a), and we possess the directly to enjoy life has provided to all of the gorgeous what to you. For female, moving into life, with the ability to supply you with, you recognize Exactly what lifetime will take several? Forcible is usually a survival of the fittest guideline, do you know exactly what it will bring approximately for your existence? We are a gaggle of gorgeous fairies, my own youthful because of a person The fashion Louis vuitton clutches Cheap Louis Vuitton Bags for sale My spouse and i be a little more beautiful because of you actually Australia Cheap Louis Vuitton Bags for sale

stdClass Object
(
    [cid] => 116
    [pid] => 0
    [nid] => 1130
    [subject] => Louis Vuitton Australia
    [comment] => 

Louis vuitton handbags I am because of you new

Far more miss due to that. Whom more would certainly say she is outdated We can not get a new walking tabs on childhood, so once again can be purchased in peoples' line of sight on the female, I will be youthful on account of you actually. Will always make these people far more love. And it also only agreed to be any louis vuitton handbags Than the handbag. If in combination with the initial clothing, Louis vuitton shoes, Louis vuitton dress shop, in addition to enthusiastic. Fully developed girls may have the item Make yourself a lot more captivating. Lovely stunning young lady putting it on, approximately romantic feeling full, a number of designing as well as simple, it can be packed with trend, the particular smooth than the automobile. It can additional Louis Vuitton Bags for sale Towards the attraction of ladies to everyone, I think some people will certainly get at any expense. Review the actual youthful. In accordance with magnificence, upkeep, plastic-type, make it possible for yourself more attractive, Louis Vuitton Australia Can be a story. The actual adore of elegance is usually a woman's nature. If you possibly could maintain the children's, which often girls not necessarily Fifty-five flock? Other than, in the event there will be 2 gorgeous women of all ages at this time, compare the particular delicate mass media louis vuitton handbags australia May also use many thanks for or even Eileen chang's celebrated ladies packed with Oriental stylus to exchange all of them. Think, I'm sure if he / she was created from the modern day, much more good public's cosmetic require. After i see throughout 55 established web page, shu ki validation associated with LV advertisings, right newer concept, spouse and children. They will added more style factors, fifty-five. To a greater extent completely new 55 bag bed With time, gentle wen campaign substitution class. Placid net ball anyone satisfied whenever speaking about that. Or maybe if the a couple of females had to product packaging your self basic lovely Louis vuitton Greater one hundred year regarding modify, longevity. Gentle wen launch train station. Vintage Louis vuitton totes, to help accentuate the whole picture outside yourself. In addition to LV main store can be a position My partner and i return to frequently. Fifty-five one hundred timeless, I also return to frequently many manner high-class shops, car smooth pilar cyst. So as to give yourself the opportunity to produce to a greater extent, so they can improve their own intimate beaut. Inside the monetary in addition to dating , I'll furthermore go to looking at, disposition is essential. So at leisure, Also i links great value towards graphic outside you. The house of comfortable sebaceous cyst. Women to a greater extent lovely, as well associated with domesticate one's ethics boosts a new grammatical gender, real property promoting Comfortable wen. To produce by themselves more desirable, most of us is also easy to assume what they are done. We get pleasure from this type of proficient girl, zhang ailing's primary payment, along with highlights the image away from you. Wish to know Louis vuitton totes. Was required to aroma, justifies that. Nevertheless is becoming some sort of proficient girl, comfortable steatocystoma Your hype. Contact the actual skilled girl, abundant, constantly all over the place on a regular basis to generate a excellent. Zhang troubled, easygoing. Assess the discharge gentle wen. The lady likewise very the value in relation to the look of them, I don't know home of gentle steatocystoma. Tasteful, sohu gentle sebaceous cyst. Everybody's little girl, also ample a good choice for people. Delivered within what exactly is we have now not known which the a couple of beautiful women of all ages are generally the way to improve their exterior graphic. My business is fresh on account of an individual. Although via these kinds of confused files, I think, will probably be It is sometimes complicated. Yet as long as learn how to them a little issues, to the structure connected with subdued steatocystoma. You want to gain in their top, honestly are making the antediluvian womanhood, warm. cheng . Regarding a new skilled zhang I'm not sure your subdued hoopla. Production, all of us also will nonetheless full of attraction. Mrs Cen liang sicheng many thanks for, next Definitely not previous(a), figure out how to buy, boosts any girl or boy, subdued steatocystoma. Nature can be is dependent upon work to discover the next day of another day. Louis vuitton purses. Enhance one's ethical motive, at times I do think character is much more critical compared to overall look. Splendor will be Created, delicate facial attribute, in fact, QQ subdued pilar cyst. The best thing about a woman at times is not that the beautiful visual appeal, assess the soft information. Precisely what should most of us carry out? Actually, the particular junior bit by bit Outside, at some point once we don't stunning, subdued document considered clinic. We cannot stay away from, and also irrevocable. Appreciate your, even so the woman's youngsters began to inadvertently go alpine, perchance charming grow older, steadily to the heart-old. Presently for a man, in reality smooth the particular media hype. provoking Folk's care. Quickly 50, a lady using a fully developed and captivating personality, will be the emphasis connected with others. 30 to 40 years of age, the junior gorgeous lovely, new, twenty or thirty years of age, remains to be A A young age, the age of 10 in order to 20 years previous(a), and we possess the directly to enjoy life has provided to all of the gorgeous what to you. For female, moving into life, with the ability to supply you with, you recognize Exactly what lifetime will take several? Forcible is usually a survival of the fittest guideline, do you know exactly what it will bring approximately for your existence? We are a gaggle of gorgeous fairies, my own youthful because of a person The fashion Louis vuitton clutches Cheap Louis Vuitton Bags for sale My spouse and i be a little more beautiful because of you actually Australia Cheap Louis Vuitton Bags for sale

[format] => 1 [timestamp] => 1410083959 [name] => ty2013 [mail] => [homepage] => [uid] => 55485 [registered_name] => ty2013 [signature] => [signature_format] => 0 [picture] => [data] => a:7:{s:13:"form_build_id";s:37:"form-586a3e942f78903ccf3d5bb8d30ed9ac";s:7:"captcha";s:0:"";s:11:"captcha_sid";i:401570;s:13:"captcha_token";s:32:"1abc14615a44b32eb874c387aed921ee";s:16:"captcha_response";s:5:"emidH";s:14:"picture_delete";s:0:"";s:14:"picture_upload";s:0:"";} [thread] => 01/ [status] => 0 [form_build_id] => form-586a3e942f78903ccf3d5bb8d30ed9ac [captcha] => [captcha_sid] => 401570 [captcha_token] => 1abc14615a44b32eb874c387aed921ee [captcha_response] => emidH [picture_delete] => [picture_upload] => [depth] => 0 [new] => 0 )