Like the all collie breeds, the Smooth Collie was originally developed for herding. This breed is basically the short-coated version of the Rough Collie. Although the Smooth Collie is recognized in some countries as a distinct breed apart from the Rough Collie, the AKC recognizes them both as one breed with exactly the same standard, except coat length.
Although the exact history of the breed is somewhat of a mystery, it is certain that it shares the majority of it with the Rough Collie. As such, for detailed information regarding the history of the Smooth Collie please visit the article detailing that of the Rough Collie variety.