Section 1 : Sheepdogs

Breeds In This Category: 

Africanis

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The Africanis is the original dog of Africa, a unique type shaped through the process of natural selection, not by human intervention or standardized breeding practices. The strong su...

Australian Kelpie

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The Australian Kelpie was first recognized as a distinct breed beginning in the 1870’s, but its ancestors go back much further in time.  There is much debate over the true origin of the K...

Australian Shepherd

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

There are few breeds with as disputed a history as the Australian Shepherd.  The Australian Shepherd was largely developed in a time before written records were kept of dog breed...

Bearded Collie

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

A native of Scotland, the Bearded Collie is considered to be one of the oldest of Scottish breeds, dating back to at least the 1600’s.  Collie is the Scottish word for sheepdog, and there...

Beauceron

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

In the early 1800s, large flocks of sheep were common in France; two Beaucerons could tend two-hundred to three-hundred head of sheep. A versatile and superior working dog, Beaucerons cou...

Belgian Shepherd Dog

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: High Energy
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

Records coming out of ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia, dating over 3000 years ago, indicate that dogs were kept to tend livestock even at this early time in pre-history. Pastoral themed...

Belgian Shepherd Dog (Groenendael)

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

Please see the main Belgian Shepherd Dog page for information on the history of the breed.

 

 

Belgian Shepherd Dog (Laekenois)

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The Belgian Lakenois is considered by many to be both the oldest and rarest of the Belgian Shepherd Dog varieties. Its roots are believed to trace back to the 1700’s where the Laekenois w...

Belgian Shepherd Dog (Malinois)

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

In Belgium, Germany, the Netherlands and other European countries, as well as in the United States, Canada and Australia, the Malinois can be found working in the fields of personal p...

Belgian Shepherd Dog (Tervuren)

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

Please see the main Belgian Shepherd Dog page for information on the history of the breed.

 

 

 

...

Bergamasco Shepherd

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming:
Professional Grooming May Be Required
Rarely
LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The Bergamasco is a very ancient breed, and almost nothing is known for certain of its origins, as it was developed long before written records were kept of dog breeding and was primarily...

Berger Picard

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The Berger Picard is one of the oldest of all European herding breeds and is almost certainly the oldest from France.  Because this dog was developed hundreds of years before wri...

Border Collie

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

Prior to the late 1800’s the history of the Border Collie is a mystery.  It was during this time that the various modern Collie breeds began to diverge from the landraces and random bred...

Briard

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The breed was not called “Briard” until around 1809. Prior to that time they were known as “Chien d’Aubry”, Chien d’Montargis”, and, most commonly as “Chien Berger de Brie” or “Chien de B...

Cao da Serra de Aires

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The Cao da Serra de Aires is thought to be a relatively recently developed breed, but its history is actually quite mysterious.  No one is fully certain how the breed was created...

Cardigan Welsh Corgi

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

Known informally as Cardigans, Cardigan Welsh Corgis, as the name implies, begin their history with the Corgis proper. Though thought to be Cousins, the Cardigan and the Pembroke are...

Czechoslovakian Wolfdog

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 15 to 18 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

More is known about the ancestry of the Czechoslovakian Wolfdog than the vast majority of breeds because the dog was developed in the middle of the 20th Century, and its initial devel...

German Shepherd Dog

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 8 to 10 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

As early man began to dominate the landscape through technological advances, coupled with the advent of agriculture, he would cease his nomadic hunter gatherer wanderings. This change...

Komondor

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+ Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 8 to 10 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

Written records of the Komondor have only been found from the last few centuries, with the earliest dating back to 1544.  However, there is an almost universal belief that the br...

Kuvasz

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

Much of the history of the Kuvasz has been lost in time.  This breed is so ancient that it certainly predates the keeping of dog breeding records, and may even predate the invention of wr...

Old English Sheepdog

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

In previous centuries there were few, if any, records kept of dog breeds; especially those breeds that were not kept by the nobility for hunting or companionship; therefore little solid e...

Pembroke Welsh Corgi

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

Pembroke Welsh Corgis, as the name implies, begin their history with the Corgis proper. Though thought to be Cousins, the Cardigan and the Pembroke are actually two distinct lines, with P...

Polish Lowland Sheepdog

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

Thought to have descended from one or more of the Tibetan dog breeds, the Polish Lowland Sheepdog may have been developed from either the intentional or unintentional breeding of dogs...

Puli

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

Much of the history of the Puli has been shrouded in mystery.  The breed originated in a time before written records of dog breeding and development were kept.  The breed...

Pumi

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The Pumi is an ancient breed developed in a time before written records were kept of dog breeding, so very little is known for sure about its ancestry.  This problem is exacerbated by the...

Pyrenean Shepherd

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

Much of the history of the Pyrenean Shepherd has been lost to the ages. What is known is that the Pyrenean Shepherd developed long before any records of dog breeding were kept. This b...

Rough Collie

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

Although there is a lot of speculation, virtually nothing is known for sure about the history of the Collie prior to the late 1800’s.  Collie-type dogs originated in an era when almost no...

Schapendoes

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Varies From One Dog To The Next Trainability: Varies From One Dog To The Next

 

Very little is known with certainty about the origin of the Schapendoes, and almost anything which is claimed is little more than pure speculation.  Much of this mystery has to d...

Shetland Sheepdog

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The first of what would become Shetland Sheepdogs were Spitz-type dogs, most similar to the modern day Icelandic sheepdog. It is likely that the original stock comprised Scandinavian...

Slovak Cuvac

BREED BASICS

Smooth Collie

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

Although the exact history of the breed is somewhat of a mystery, it is certain that it shares the majority of it with the Rough Collie.  As such, for detailed information rega...