Section 2.2 : Mountain Types

Breeds In This Category: 

Aidi

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

Like many ancient breeds of dog, the true history of the Aidi is shrouded in some mystery. Many believe that it was the Phoenicians; an ancient civilization centered in the coastal re...

Anatolian Shepherd Dog

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+ Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

As early as 6000 years ago, a landrace of large sized, heavily boned domesticated dogs were living among humans.  The earliest duties of these canines were as hunting companions to man; h...

Cao de Castro Laboreiro

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective

 

The history of the Cao de Castro Laboreiro is a great mystery.  Even the Portuguese Kennel Club states that anything written about the breed’s origins is pure conjecture an...

Central Asian Shepherd Dog

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

Almost nothing is known for certainty about the origins and early history of this breed.  These dogs were kept almost exclusively by nomadic herdsmen who left few if any archaeol...

Estrela Mountain Dog

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming:
Brushing Once a Week or Less
Rarely
LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

As is the case with most Portuguese breeds, the ancestry of the Estrela Mountain Dog is shrouded in mystery.  This dog was developed centuries before written records were kept of...

Hovawart

BREED BASICS

Landseer

BREED BASICS

Leonberger

BREED BASICS

Newfoundland Dog

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+ Energy Level: Low Energy
Grooming: Everyday LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

As controversial as they are varied; over the years several popular theories have arisen to explain the appearance of the large black dog on the island of Newfoundland. The first and...

Great Pyrenees

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+ Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

Many dog fanciers assume that all large European livestock guardians are Mastiffs, also known as Mollossers.  As a result, for many years the Great Pyrenees was assumed to have been broug...

Rafeiro do Alentejo

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

In prehistoric times, a mighty race of canines was used by the ancients in many capacities.  These impressively large and fierce dogs were known as Molossers, named for the Molos...

Sarplaninac

BREED BASICS

St. Bernard

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+ Energy Level: Low Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 8 to 10 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The St. Bernard is an old breed, and most of its early history has been lost to time.  However, most of its history from the 1700’s on is fairly well-documented, and much can be inferred...

Tibetan Mastiff

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+ Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

There has been, historically, a differentiation in types for the Tibetan Mastiff.  Although sprung from the same litters, these two types of Tibetan Mastiffs differ only in size and build...