Working

Breeds In This Category: 

Alaskan Malamute

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The Alaskan Malamute or “Mal” is a large, wolf-like ancient breed of domestic dog believed to be the oldest breed on the North American continent and probably the breed lo...

Beauceron

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

In the early 1800s, large flocks of sheep were common in France; two Beaucerons could tend two-hundred to three-hundred head of sheep. A versatile and superior working dog, Beaucerons cou...

Bernese Mountain Dog

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Brushing Once a Week or Less
LifeSpan: 6 to 8 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

It is difficult to decipher the true origins of the Bernese Mountain Dog as this is an old breed that was developed in a time well before written records of dog breeding were kept. Adding...

Black Russian Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+ Energy Level: High Energy
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

In the early part of the 20th century, following the Russian Revolution, the future of many purebred native dogs in Russia was bleak.  Many Russian breeds had been slaughtered during the...

Bouvier des Flandres

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming:
Everyday
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The history of the Bouvier des Flandres is among the most disputed of all dogs.  There are dozens of different theories as to its origin, and there is very little evidence to sup...

Boxer

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

Although the Boxer is a relatively modern creation, not having been standardized into the modern breed until the last years of the 19th Century, the breed’s ancestors are several hundred,...

Bullmastiff

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+ Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 8 to 10 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The Bullmastiff is a relatively young breed, although its primary ancestors are quite old.  The Bullmastiff is the result of crosses between the English Mastiff and the Old English Bulldo...

Canadian Eskimo Dog

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The Canadian Eskimo Dog is a truly ancient breed, and along with the Alaskan Malamute and Carolina Dog is probably the oldest breed native to North America.  The Canadian Eskimo...

Doberman Pinscher

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 8 to 10 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

Although the Doberman Pinscher is a relatively new breed, there is still a significant amount of mystery surrounding its origin.  However, it is certain that this breed was created in the...

Dogue de Bordeaux

BREED BASICS
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 6 to 8 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

Although only standardized into its modern form in the early part of the 20th Century, the Dogue de Bordeaux is one of the oldest of all French breeds.  This breed was developed in an era...

English Mastiff

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+ Energy Level: Low Energy
LifeSpan: 6 to 8 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective

 

The Mastiff is perhaps the oldest British dog breed, and the one for which the greatest amount of historical evidence exists.  This breed has been present in England for many centuries, a...

Entlebucher Mountain Dog

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

As is the case with many old breeds, most of the history of the Entlebucher Mountain Dog has been lost to time.  This is especially true of this breed, as the Entlebucher Mountai...

Giant Schnauzer

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

It is most likely that the Bear Schnauzer (the alleged ancestor of the Giant Schnauzer) was a cross between the Old German Shepherd Dog (Altdeutsche Schäferhunde) and the Standard Schnauz...

Great Dane

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+ Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The Great Dane was developed many centuries before written records were kept of dog breeding.  As a result, virtually nothing is known for sure about its ancestry.  Many hav...

Hovawart

BREED BASICS

Leonberger

BREED BASICS

Neapolitan Mastiff

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+ Energy Level: Low Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 8 to 10 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The Neapolitan Mastiff is a member of a group of dogs commonly known as Molossers or Mastiff-type dogs.  This group contains a large number of breeds from many countries, and is one of th...

Newfoundland Dog

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+ Energy Level: Low Energy
Grooming: Everyday LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

As controversial as they are varied; over the years several popular theories have arisen to explain the appearance of the large black dog on the island of Newfoundland. The first and...

Portuguese Water Dog

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

A very ancient breed, the Portuguese Water Dog has definitely existed for many centuries, and is quite possibly thousands of years old.  The first written record of the breed dates from 1...

Rottweiler

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The Rottweiler is one of oldest surviving herding breeds, with an ancestry that likely extends back to ancient Rome.  This breed was created in an era when few were literate and next to n...

Siberian Husky

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

One of the oldest domesticated breeds of dog, the Siberian Husky traces its earliest ancestry to the harsh tundra of Siberia. Its dense coating and keen intelligence allowed the species t...

St. Bernard

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+ Energy Level: Low Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 8 to 10 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The St. Bernard is an old breed, and most of its early history has been lost to time.  However, most of its history from the 1700’s on is fairly well-documented, and much can be inferred...

Standard Schnauzer

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

Although few Americans realize this today, the Standard Schnauzer and the German Pinscher were once considered two varieties of the same breed.  When the original standards were written f...

Tibetan Mastiff

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+ Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

There has been, historically, a differentiation in types for the Tibetan Mastiff.  Although sprung from the same litters, these two types of Tibetan Mastiffs differ only in size and build...