Group 6 - Utility

Breeds In This Category: 

Akita Inu

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

Archaeological evidence in the form of dog prints found in pit houses from the Jomon period (8000 to 300 B.C) suggest that dogs were raised as pets inside homes as early as 3,000 year...

Alaskan Malamute

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The Alaskan Malamute or “Mal” is a large, wolf-like ancient breed of domestic dog believed to be the oldest breed on the North American continent and probably the breed lo...

American Akita

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+ Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

Please see the Akita “Main Page” for the complete history of the breed.

 

The story of the Amer...

Anatolian Shepherd Dog

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+ Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

As early as 6000 years ago, a landrace of large sized, heavily boned domesticated dogs were living among humans.  The earliest duties of these canines were as hunting companions to man; h...

Bernese Mountain Dog

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Brushing Once a Week or Less
LifeSpan: 6 to 8 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

It is difficult to decipher the true origins of the Bernese Mountain Dog as this is an old breed that was developed in a time well before written records of dog breeding were kept. Adding...

Black Russian Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+ Energy Level: High Energy
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

In the early part of the 20th century, following the Russian Revolution, the future of many purebred native dogs in Russia was bleak.  Many Russian breeds had been slaughtered during the...

Boxer

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

Although the Boxer is a relatively modern creation, not having been standardized into the modern breed until the last years of the 19th Century, the breed’s ancestors are several hundred,...

Bullmastiff

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+ Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 8 to 10 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The Bullmastiff is a relatively young breed, although its primary ancestors are quite old.  The Bullmastiff is the result of crosses between the English Mastiff and the Old English Bulldo...

Canadian Eskimo Dog

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The Canadian Eskimo Dog is a truly ancient breed, and along with the Alaskan Malamute and Carolina Dog is probably the oldest breed native to North America.  The Canadian Eskimo...

Cane Corso

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

Although the breed’s ancestry is very ancient, the Cane Corso as we know it today did not start to take shape until the 1970’s and 1980’s.  Originally used to described a type of dog rath...

Central Asian Shepherd Dog

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

Almost nothing is known for certainty about the origins and early history of this breed.  These dogs were kept almost exclusively by nomadic herdsmen who left few if any archaeol...

Doberman Pinscher

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 8 to 10 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

Although the Doberman Pinscher is a relatively new breed, there is still a significant amount of mystery surrounding its origin.  However, it is certain that this breed was created in the...

Dogue de Bordeaux

BREED BASICS
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 6 to 8 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

Although only standardized into its modern form in the early part of the 20th Century, the Dogue de Bordeaux is one of the oldest of all French breeds.  This breed was developed in an era...

English Mastiff

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+ Energy Level: Low Energy
LifeSpan: 6 to 8 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective

 

The Mastiff is perhaps the oldest British dog breed, and the one for which the greatest amount of historical evidence exists.  This breed has been present in England for many centuries, a...

Estrela Mountain Dog

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming:
Brushing Once a Week or Less
Rarely
LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

As is the case with most Portuguese breeds, the ancestry of the Estrela Mountain Dog is shrouded in mystery.  This dog was developed centuries before written records were kept of...

Fila Brasileiro

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+ Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 8 to 10 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

The Fila Brasileiro was developed in an era before written records were kept of dog breeding and was primarily kept in remote areas of tropical forest.  As a result, most of the...

Giant Schnauzer

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

It is most likely that the Bear Schnauzer (the alleged ancestor of the Giant Schnauzer) was a cross between the Old German Shepherd Dog (Altdeutsche Schäferhunde) and the Standard Schnauz...

Kangal Dog

BREED BASICS

Leonberger

BREED BASICS

Medium Poodle

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

For more information please visit the "Poodle" main page.

 

 

 

Miniature Poodle

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

For more in depth history please visit the "Poodle" main page.

 

Although it is not directly known what the Standard...

Miniature Schnauzer

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

 

The Miniature Schnauzer was initially created by taking the smallest examples of the Standard Schnauzer and then crossing these dogs with similar breeds of a smaller size. Exact...

Neapolitan Mastiff

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+ Energy Level: Low Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 8 to 10 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The Neapolitan Mastiff is a member of a group of dogs commonly known as Molossers or Mastiff-type dogs.  This group contains a large number of breeds from many countries, and is one of th...

Newfoundland Dog

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+ Energy Level: Low Energy
Grooming: Everyday LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

As controversial as they are varied; over the years several popular theories have arisen to explain the appearance of the large black dog on the island of Newfoundland. The first and...

Portuguese Water Dog

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

A very ancient breed, the Portuguese Water Dog has definitely existed for many centuries, and is quite possibly thousands of years old.  The first written record of the breed dates from 1...

Great Pyrenees

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+ Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

Many dog fanciers assume that all large European livestock guardians are Mastiffs, also known as Mollossers.  As a result, for many years the Great Pyrenees was assumed to have been broug...

Pyrenean Shepherd

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

Much of the history of the Pyrenean Shepherd has been lost to the ages. What is known is that the Pyrenean Shepherd developed long before any records of dog breeding were kept. This b...

Rottweiler

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The Rottweiler is one of oldest surviving herding breeds, with an ancestry that likely extends back to ancient Rome.  This breed was created in an era when few were literate and next to n...

Samoyed

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

Due to their remote location of origin and primitive features, the Samoyed is thought to be one of the oldest breeds of dog; a theory that has recently seemingly been confirmed by modern...

Shiba Inu

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The Shiba Inu was first developed thousands of years ago, long before written records were kept of dog breeding.  As a result, almost nothing is known with certainty about this dog’s hist...

Siberian Husky

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

One of the oldest domesticated breeds of dog, the Siberian Husky traces its earliest ancestry to the harsh tundra of Siberia. Its dense coating and keen intelligence allowed the species t...

St. Bernard

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+ Energy Level: Low Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 8 to 10 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

The St. Bernard is an old breed, and most of its early history has been lost to time.  However, most of its history from the 1700’s on is fairly well-documented, and much can be inferred...

Standard Poodle

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

Standard Schnauzer

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

Although few Americans realize this today, the Standard Schnauzer and the German Pinscher were once considered two varieties of the same breed.  When the original standards were written f...

Tibetan Mastiff

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+ Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

There has been, historically, a differentiation in types for the Tibetan Mastiff.  Although sprung from the same litters, these two types of Tibetan Mastiffs differ only in size and build...

Toy Poodle

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Small 4-8 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

   

For more in depth information please visit the "Poodle" main page.

 

 

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